Melanophryniscus macrogranulosus Braun, 1973

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Melanophryniscus > Species: Melanophryniscus macrogranulosus

Melanophryniscus macrogranulosus Braun, 1973, Iheringia, Zool., 44: 4. Holotype: MRGS 01694, by original designation. Type locality: "Torres, RS [Rio Grande do Sul], Brasil".

English Names

Torres Redbelly Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 44).


Forest fragments of northeastern Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (Municipalities of Maquiné and Dom Pedro de Alcântara). 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil

Endemic: Brazil


In the Melanophryniscus tumifrons group according to Cruz and Caramaschi, 2003, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, N.S., Zool., 500: 1-11. For discussion see Braun, 1973, Iheringia, Zool., 44: 3-13. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 195. Caorsi, Colombo, Freire, Amaral, Zank, Borges-Martins, and Grant, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 585–590, discussed natural history, color pattern, conservation status, and provided new localities. Zank, Becker, Abadie, Baldo, and Maneyro, 2014, PLoS One, E 9(4: e94625): 1–11, provided modeled distribution maps for the species under climate change. Caorsi, Bordignon, Márquez, and Borges-Martins, 2020, Zootaxa, 4894: 206–220, reported on the advertisement call which could not be distinguished from that of Melanophryniscus cambraensis

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