Melanophryniscus moreirae (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Melanophryniscus > Species: Melanophryniscus moreirae

Atelopus moreirae Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920, Rev. Mus. Paulista, São Paulo, 12: 307. Syntypes: MNRJ 500 (according to Miranda-Ribeiro, 1955, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 42: 408) and MZUSP 718 (according to Hoogmoed, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 68). Type locality: "Itatiaya", Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Corrected to "Parque Nacional de Itatiaia . . . . planalto do Itatiaia a cerca de 2.400 metros de altitude" by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 14.

Dendrophryniscus moreiraeAhl, 1938, Zool. Anz., 124: 158.

Atelopus moreirae massarti Cochran, 1948, Bull. Mus. R. Hist. Nat. Belg., 24: 1. Holotype: IRSNB I.G. 9308. Reg. 57 (A), by original designation; subsequently reported as IRSNB 1.061 by Lang, 1990, Doc. Trav., Inst. R. Sci. Nat. Belg., 59: 6. Type locality: "Castanhal Grande near Obidos, Grâo Parâ, Brazil". Status rejected by Langone, 2006 "2005", Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Esp., 16: 59-61.

Atelopus moreirae moreiraeCochran, 1948, Bull. Mus. R. Hist. Nat. Belg., 24: 1.

Phryniscus stelzneri moreiraeBarth, 1957, Fauna do Parque Nacional de Itatiaia: 82.

Melanophryniscus moreiraeGallardo, 1961, 1° Reunion Trab. Comun. Cienc. Nat. Geograf., Univ. Nac. Litoral, Santa Fe, Argentina: 209.

English Names

Maldonado Redbelly Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 44).


Coastal mountains of southern Brazil (Minas Gerais, São Paul, and Rio de Janeiro), 1800-2400 m.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil

Endemic: Brazil


In the Melanophryniscus moreirae group of Cruz and Caramaschi, 2003, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, N.S., Zool., 500: 1-11. A strangely disjunct population from Óbidos, Pará, Brazil, was described as a subspecies by Cochran, 1948, Bull. Mus. R. Hist. Nat. Belg., 24: 1-4. Bokermann, 1967, An. Acad. Brasil. Cienc., 39: 301-306, doubted the correctness of this locality and assumed that the specimens came from Itatiaia. See account by Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 2-4. Langone, 2006 "2005", Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Esp., 16: 59-61, discussed and rejected subspecies. Weber, Procaci, Salles, Corrêa, and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2007, Check List, 3: 346-347, provided a record from Minas Gerais, as did Ortiz, Menezes, Abegg, Landroz, and Feio, 2017, Check List, 13(3: 2140): 1–3. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 612. Zank, Becker, Abadie, Baldo, and Maneyro, 2014, PLoS One, E 9(4: e94625): 1–11, provided modeled distribution maps for the species under climate change. Forti, Haddad, Leite, Drummond, Assis, Crivellari, Mello, Garcia, Zornosa-Torres, and Toledo, 2019, PeerJ, 7(e7612): 1–39, reported on advertisement call. 

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