Melanophryniscus rubriventris (Vellard, 1947)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Melanophryniscus > Species: Melanophryniscus rubriventris

Atelopus rubriventris Vellard, 1947, Acta Zool. Lilloana, 4: 115. Holotype: FML 173/1, according to Hayward, 1963, Acta Zool. Lilloana, 19: 507. Type locality: "San Andrés, Dpto. Orán, province de Salta", Argentina. Elevation gives as 1800–2000 m by Scrocchi and Kretzschmar, 2017, Acta Zool. Lilloana, 61: 90. 

Dendrophryniscus rubriventrisCei, 1956, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 3: 64.

Melanophryniscus rubriventrisMcDiarmid, 1971, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 12: 41; McDiarmid, 1972, Physis, Buenos Aires, 31: 20.

Melanophryniscus rubriventris rubriventrisLaurent, 1973, Acta Zool. Lilloana, 26: 317–336.

Melanophryniscus rubriventris toldosensis Laurent, 1973, Acta Zool. Lilloana, 26: 326. Holotype: FML 01706, by original designation. Type locality: "Los Toldos, [Departamento Santa Victoria,] Prov. de Salta", Argentina.

Melanophryniscus rubriventris subconcolor Laurent, 1973, Acta Zool. Lilloana, 26: 328. Holotype: FML 01704 according to Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 68. Type locality: "El Duraznito, a 8 km de Tiraxi. Departamento Dr. Manuel Belgrano. Jujuy. Argentina. 1.600 msnm" according to Scrocchi and Kretzschmar, 2017, Acta Zool. Lilloana, 61: 91.  

English Names

Yungas Redbelly Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 44).


Upland portions of the montane forests of northern and central Salta and east-central and southeastern Jujuy provinces, northern Argentina and in temperate interandean valleys of southern Bolivia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Argentina, Bolivia


Transferred to Melanophryniscus from Atelopus by McDiarmid, 1972, Physis, Buenos Aires, 31: 15–21. For discussion and subspecies see Laurent, 1973, Acta Zool. Lilloana, 26: 317-334, and Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 205-207. Vaira, 2002, Cuad. Herpetol., 16: 151–163, discussed geographic variation and range. In the Melanophryniscus stelzneri group of Cruz and Caramaschi, 2003, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, N.S., Zool., 500: 1–11. Clemente-Carvalho, Vaira, King, Koscinski, Bonansea, and Lougheed, 2017, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 116: 248–256, reported on phylogeography in Argentina, documenting two geographically constrained lineages. Zank, Becker, Abadie, Baldo, and Maneyro, 2014, PLoS One, E 9(4: e94625): 1–11, provided modeled distribution maps for the species under climate change.  

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