Melanophryniscus sanmartini Klappenbach, 1968

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Melanophryniscus > Species: Melanophryniscus sanmartini

Melanophryniscus sanmartini Klappenbach, 1968, Comun. Zool. Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, 9: 3. Holotype: MHNM 1676, by original designation. Type locality: "Villa Serrana, próximo a la represa del arroyo Aiguá, departamento de Lavalleja, República del Uruguay".

English Names

San Martin Redbelly Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 44).


Montane environments in the Cuchilla Grande and Cuchilla Santa Ana, Uruguay; also reported from Pedras Altas and Pinheiro Machado, in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil, Uruguay


In the Melanophryniscus moreirae group of Cruz and Caramaschi, 2003, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, N.S., Zool., 500: 1-11. For discussion see Klappenbach, 1968, Comun. Zool. Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, 9: 1-12. See Naya and Maneyro, 2001, Cuad. Herpetol., 15: 89-90, for Uruguayan distribution. Langone, 1995 "1994", Mus. Damaso Antonio Larrañaga, Ser. Divulg. 5: 32-33, and Achaval and Olmos, 2003, Anf. Rept. Uruguay, ed. 2: 18, provided for the Uruguayan population a brief account. Maneyro and Kwet, 2008, Stuttgart. Beit. Naturkd., Ser. A, Neue Ser., 1: 95-121, noted that one of the paratypes is of Melanophryniscus orejasmirandai. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 612. Zank, Colombo, Adams, Borba, and Borges-Martins, 2013, Herpetol. Notes, 6: 555-557, provided the first records from Brazil. Zank, Becker, Abadie, Baldo, and Maneyro, 2014, PLoS One, E 9(4: e94625): 1–11, provided modeled distribution maps for the species under climate change. See account by Maneyro, Langone, and Carreira, 2019, in Maneyro, Langone, and Carreira (eds.), Libro Rojo Anf. Rept. Uruguay: 87–91, for Uruguay. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.