Melanophryniscus simplex Caramaschi and Cruz, 2002

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Melanophryniscus > Species: Melanophryniscus simplex

Melanophryniscus simplex Caramaschi and Cruz, 2002, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 60: 311. Holotype: MZUSP 35599, by original designation. Type locality: "BRAZIL, SANTA CATARINA, Boca da Serra, near Bom Jardim do Sul, Municipality of São Joaquim (28° 20′ S, 49° 38′ W)".

English Names

None noted.


Known only the type locality (Municipality of São Joaquim, 28° 20′ S, 49° 38′ W, Santa Catarina) and Aratinga, municipality of São Francisco de Paula, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil

Endemic: Brazil


In the Melanophryniscus tumifrons group according to the original publication. Colombo, Zank, Schmidt, Gonçalves, and Marinho, 2007, Check List, 3: 305-307, provided a record from Rio Grando do Sul, Brazil, on the South Brazilian Highlands. Zank, Becker, Abadie, Baldo, and Maneyro, 2014, PLoS One, E 9(4: e94625): 1–11, provided modeled distribution maps for the species under climate change. 

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