Mertensophryne anotis (Boulenger, 1907)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Mertensophryne > Species: Mertensophryne anotis

Bufo anotis Boulenger, 1907, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, 20: 48. Syntypes: Including BMNH 1947.2.20.91–92 (formerly 1907.7.2.17–18), according to Grandison, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 76 (three specimens mentioned in original description–DRF). Type locality: "Chirinda Forest in S.E. Mashonaland", Zimbabwe.

Stephopaedes anotisChanning, 1979 "1978", Herpetologica, 34: 394.

Mertensophryne (Stephopaedes) anotisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

English Names

Chirinda Forest Toad (Broadley, 1973, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 10: 22; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 44).

Boulengers Earless Toad (Lambiris, 1990 "1989", Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 10: 66).

Mashonaland Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 46).

Chirinda Toad (Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 105; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 194).


Chirinda Forest in eastern Zimbabwe and Dombe Forest in adjacent Mozambique; isolated record in northeastern Mozambique Taratibu in Quirimbas National Park (see comment). 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Mozambique, Zimbabwe


Discussed by Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 68, as Bufo anotis, and by Poynton and Broadley, 1988, Ann. Natal Mus., 29: 482–484, and Poynton, 1991, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 152: 452–456. Considered (as Bufo anotis) to be in the Bufo taitanus complex by Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 156, suggesting that Bufo may be paraphyletic with respect to Stephopaedes. See accounts by Poynton and Clarke, 1999, Afr. J. Herpetol., 48: 8–9, and Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 105–107. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Stephopaedes anotis) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 205. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 143–144, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. Farooq, Liedtke, Bittencourt-Silva, Conradie, and Loader, 2015, Herpetol. Notes, 8: 305–307, provided a record from Taratibu, Quirimbas National Park, in northeastern Mozambique, which either suggests a much more wide-ranging species than previously thought or, as the authors suggest, this record may represent a widely disjunct population, possibly taxonomically distinct. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 86–87, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map.

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