Mertensophryne howelli (Poynton and Clarke, 1999)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Mertensophryne > Species: Mertensophryne howelli

Stephopaedes howelli Poynton and Clarke, 1999, Afr. J. Herpetol., 48: 3. Holotype: BMNH 1992.231, by original designation. Type locality: "pitfall trap . . . near the campsite . . . Morara Forest, Mafia Island, Tanzania, 7° 53′ S, 39° 50′ E".

Mertensophryne (Stephopaedes) howelliFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

English Names

Mrora Forest Toad (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 120).

Howell's Forest Toad (Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 86).


Mafia and Zanzibar Islands, Tanzania.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Tanzania

Endemic: Tanzania


Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 120-121, provided an account (as Stephopaedes howelli). See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Stephopaedes howelli) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 205. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 86–87, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map.

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