Nectophryne afra Buchholz and Peters, 1875

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Nectophryne > Species: Nectophryne afra

Nectophryne afra Buchholz and Peters In Peters, 1875, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1875: 202. Holotype: ZMB according to Roux, 1906, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1906: 59, this being ZMB 8472 according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 41. Type locality: "Cameruns" [= Cameroon]. Type locality discussed and corrected to "Douala", Cameroon, by Frétey, Dubois, and Ohler, 2014, Alytes, 30: 11–28. 

English Names

African Tree Toad (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 43; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 44).

Distribution

West Africa from southern Nigeria to Equatorial Guinea and Gabon, also Bioko (Equatorial Guinea) and northeastern Dem. Rep. Congo; likely in southern Central African Republic. 

Comment

Frétey and Blanc, 2002 "2001", Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 126: 380, reported this species from Gabon. Schiøtz, 1963, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 125: 22, provided records for Nigeria. Onadeko and Rödel, 2009, Salamandra, 45: 1-14, provided records for southwestern Nigeria. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 148–150, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. Dewynter, Chirio, Melki, Cordier, and Frétey, 2017, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 11: 18, provided a brief account and photographs of this species from the Mount Koumouna-Bouali area of Gabon.  Dewynter and Frétey, 2019, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 27: 15, summarized the literature for Gabon and provided photographs (p. 51). Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 92–93, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. See brief account, range map, and photographs for Equatorial Guinea in Sánchez-Vialas, Calvo-Revuelta, Castroviejo-Fisher, and De la Riva, 2020, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 66: 137–230. Liedtke, Soler-Navarro, Gomez-Mestre, Loader, and Rödel, 2021, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 162 (107184): 1–12, reported on phylogeographic patterns and noted that the species falls into two allopatric populations which  show deep lineage divergence. 

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