Nectophrynoides viviparus (Tornier, 1905)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Nectophrynoides > Species: Nectophrynoides viviparus

Pseudophryne vivipara Tornier, 1905, Sitzungsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 39: 855. Syntypes: ZMB (lost?) and (according to museum records) BMNH 1935.2.8.4 (now reregistered 1947.2.19.45); MHNG 1221.55 designated neotype in error by Perret, 1972, Ann. Fac. Sci. Cameroun, 11: 112, who apparently did not realize that a syntype survived in the BMNH according to implication of Poynton, 1996, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 53: 229. Loader, Poynton, Davenport, and Rödel, 2009, Zootaxa, 2304: 41-50, identified the original type series as ZMB 21775, 71524-25 (Kratersee des Nyisvulkans), 25419, 3400, 71531-34, 71187-95 (Rungwe), 25261, 71529-30, 25312, 25268, 71535-37 (südliches Deutsch Ost-Afrika), and BMNH 1947.2.1945 (südliches Deutsch Ost-Afrika). ZMB 21775 designated lectotype by Loader, Poynton, Davenport, and Rödel, 2009, Zootaxa, 2304: 42. Type localities: "Daressalam; . . . Rungwe und im Kingagebirge", Tanzania; invalid neotype not selected from original type locality but "Morogoro, Mt Uluguru, Tanzanie". Lectotype from "Kratersee des Nyisvulkans", Tanzania.

Nectophryne werthi Nieden, 1911 "1910", Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1910: 439. Syntypes: ZMB (7 specimens), by original designation. Given as ZMB 21784 and 71528 by Loader, Poynton, Davenport, and Rödel, 2009, Zootaxa, 2304: 42. Type locality: "Dar es Salaam", Tanzania. Synonymy by Perret, 1972, Ann. Fac. Sci. Cameroun, 11: 93-119.

Tornierobates viviparaMiranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 19.

Nectophrynoides viviparaNoble, 1926, Am. Mus. Novit., 212: 15; Barbour and Loveridge, 1928, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 50: 191.

Nectophrynoides viviparusPerret, 1971, Ann. Fac. Sci. Cameroun, 6: 99.

English Names

Morogoro Tree Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 45).

Robust Forest Toad (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 115).

Robust Viviparous Toad (Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 106).

Distribution

Mountains of central to southwestern Tanzania, 1350–2800 m elevation.

Comment

Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 115-116, and Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 556, provided accounts. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 198. Loader, Poynton, Davenport, and Rödel, 2009, Zootaxa, 2304: 41-50, discussed the type series and redescribed the lectotype. Harper, Measey, Patrick, Menegon, and Vonesh, 2010, Field Guide Amph. E. Arc Mts. Tanzania and Kenya: 152–153, provided a brief account and photograph. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 106–107, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map.

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