Peltophryne empusa Cope, 1862

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Peltophryne > Species: Peltophryne empusa

Peltaphryne empusa Cope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 344. Holotype: ANSP 2721, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 350. Type locality: "Cuban".

Otaspis empusaCope, 1869 "1868", Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 20: 312.

Peltaphryne empusaGundlach, 1880, Contr. Erpetol. Cubana: 87.

Bufo empususBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 326. Stejneger, 1905, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 28: 765.

Bufo taladai jaumei Vogel, 1965, Aquar. Terrar. Z., 12: 422. Nomen nudum.

Bufo taladai jaumei Vogel, 1968, Aquar. Terrar. Z., 15: 88. Holotype: CZACC 953, by original designation. Type locality: "Insel Isla de Pinos", Cuba. Given as "Cuba, Isla de Pinos, .... en las inmediaciones de la pequeña ciudad de Nueva Gerona" by Vogel, 1971, Poeyana, 89: 1-4. Synonymy by Moreno, 1969, Acad. Cienc. Cuba, Mus. Felipe Poey, Ser. Biol., 13: 10.

Peltophryne empusaPregill, 1981, Copeia, 1981: 273. Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

Bufo empususHedges, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 100, by implication; Pramuk, 2000, J. Herpetol., 34: 334.

English Names

Cuban Toad (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 79; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 44).

Cope's Caribbean Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 45).

Cuban Small-eared Toad (Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 182; Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 8. 


Cuba and Isla de Pinos (= Isla de Juventud), island-wide in disjunct populations at elevations below 70 m.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Cuba

Endemic: Cuba


Pramuk, 2002, Herpetol. Monogr., 16: 121-151, reported on the phylogenetic relationships of this species, suggesting it to most closely related to Bufo peltocephalus and Bufo taladai than to other species. Alonso and Rodriguez, 2003, Phyllomedusa, 2: 75–82, reported on the advertisement call.  See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Bufo empusus) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 182. Díaz and Cádiz, 2008, Guía Taxon. Anf. Cuba: 1-294, provided an account, as Bufo empususHenderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: 25, summarized the natural history literature (as Bufo empusus). Rivalta González, Rodríguez Schettino, Mancina, and Iturriaga, 2014, Smithson. Herpetol. Inform. Serv., 145: 6, provided a dot map and localities. Rodriguez, Börner, Pabijan, Gehara, Haddad, and Vences, 2015, Evol. Ecol., 29: 765–785 (and supplemental data), reported on phylogeographic diversity and its causes.

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