Peltophryne lemur Cope, 1869

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Peltophryne > Species: Peltophryne lemur

Peltaphryne lemur Cope, 1869 "1868", Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 20: 311. Holotype: USNM, not located and presumed lost. Type locality: "Porto Rico, W[est]. I[ndies]."

Bufo panayanus López-Seoane, 1890, Mem. Soc. Zool. France, 3: 206. Types: Not stated, presumably originally in MNHNP. Type locality: "Yloilo (Panay)", Philippines; this considered erroneus by Boulenger, 1892, Zool. Rec., 27: 26, and who considered it synonymous with Bufo gutturosus; type locality corrected to Haiti or Santo Domingo by Stejneger, 1905, Science, 21: 472, who provided the synonymy. On the basis of the restricted type locality the synonymy is questionable (DRF). 

Bufo lemurStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 570.

Bufo turpis Barbour, 1917, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 30: 102. Holotype: MCZ 4099, by original designation. Type locality: "Virgin Gorda, British Virgin Islands". Synonymy by Barbour, 1937, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 82: 97.

Bufo lemur lemurBarbour, 1937, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 82: 97.

Bufo lemur turpisBarbour, 1937, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 82: 97.

Bufo panayensis — Schwartz, Thomas, and Ober, 1978, Spec. Publ. Carnegie Mus. Nat. Hist., 5: 3. Error for Bufo panayanus

Peltophryne lemurPregill, 1981, Copeia, 1981: 273; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

Bufo lemurHedges, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 100, by implication; Pramuk, 2000, J. Herpetol., 34: 334.

English Names

Lowland Caribbean Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 45).

Puerto Rican Crested Toad (USFWS; Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 187; Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 8). 


Puerto Rico, where known from a few widely scattered, lowland localities, including both the northern and southern coastal areas; and the U.S. and British Virgin Islands, below 50 m elevation. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, British, Virgin Islands, U.S.


See Rivero, Mayorga, Estremera, and Izquierdo, 1981 "1980", Caribb. J. Sci., 15: 33-40. See comment under Bufo guentheri. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Bufo lemur) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 187. See review by Diaz-Lameiro, Herrera, Barber, Powell, and Bird-Pico, 2010, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 878: 1-7. Henderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: 29, summarized the natural history literature (as Bufo lemur).

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