Peltophryne peltocephala (Tschudi, 1838)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Peltophryne > Species: Peltophryne peltocephala

Bufo peltocephalus Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 52, 89. Holotype: MNHNP 4989, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 15. Type locality: Cuba; restricted to "vicinity of Santiago de Cuba, Oriente [now Santiago de Cuba] Province, Cuba" by Schwartz, 1960, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 73: 47.

Bufo peltocephalus Bibron in De la Sagra, 1840, Hist. Fis. Polit. Nat. Cuba, 8 (Atlas Zool.): plate 30 (Reptiles).  

Peltophryne peltocephalusFitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 32; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

Peltaphryne peltocephalusGundlach, 1880, Contr. Erpetol. Cubana: 83.

Peltophryne peltocephalaPregill, 1981, Copeia, 1981: 273.

Bufo peltocephalusHedges, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 100, by implication; Pramuk, 2000, J. Herpetol., 34: 334.

English Names

Tschudi's Caribbean Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 45).

Cuban Toad (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 44).

Eastern Cuba Giant Toad (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 8). 


Lowlands and moderate elevations from the central region to extreme eastern Cuba, including the Santa María, Coco, Parédon Grande, Romano, Guajaba and Sabinal keys, and Cayo Coco, Archipielago de Sabana-Camaguey, below 800 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Cuba

Endemic: Cuba


See comments under Peltophryne fustiger and Peltophryne empusaAlonso and Rodriguez, 2003, Phyllomedusa, 2: 75–82, reported on the advertisement call. Díaz and Cádiz, 2008, Guía Taxon. Anf. Cuba: 1–294, provided an account, as Bufo peltocephalusHenderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: 31–32, summarized the natural history literature (as Bufo peltocephalus). Rivalta González, Rodríguez Schettino, Mancina, and Iturriaga, 2014, Smithson. Herpetol. Inform. Serv., 145: 9–10, provided a dot map and localities. Rodriguez, Börner, Pabijan, Gehara, Haddad, and Vences, 2015, Evol. Ecol., 29: 765–785 (and supplemental data), reported on phylogeographic diversity and its causes. del Castillo Domínguez and Bosch, 2023, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 140: 471–483, discussed character displacement in release calls among Cuban Peltophryne species. del Castillo Domínguez and Bosch, 2023, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 140: 471–483, discussed character displacement in release calls among Cuban Peltophryne species.

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