Poyntonophrynus dombensis (Barboza du Bocage, 1895)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Poyntonophrynus > Species: Poyntonophrynus dombensis

Bufo dombensis Barboza du Bocage, 1895, J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat., Lisboa, Ser. 2, 4 (13): 51–53. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.21.3–4 (formerly–4) and MBL T.4-366 and T.4-367 (presumed destroyed in the 1978 fire), 14 syntypes not traced, according to Grandison, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 43. Type locality: "Dombé, sur le littoral, au sud de Benguella", Angola.

Bufo vertebralis dombensisPoynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 66.

Bufo dombensis dombensisMertens, 1971, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 529: 7.

Poyntonophrynus dombensisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

English Names

Dombe Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41; Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 65).

Dombe Pygmy Toad (Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 162).


Grasslands close to rock outcrops in southwestern Angola and northwestern Namibia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Angola, Namibia


Channing and Vences, 1999, S. Afr. J. Zool., 34: 74–79, review the biology of the species and its taxonomic status, distinguishing it from Bufo damaranus, Bufo hoeschi, and Bufo kavangensis. See also accounts by Poynton and Broadley, 1988, Ann. Natal Mus., 29: 466–471, Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 65, and Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 162–163. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 150–515, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. See distribution map in Ceríaco, Marques, Bandeira, Agarwal, Stanley, Bauer, Heinicke, and Blackburn, 2018, ZooKeys, 780: 112. Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn, and Bauer, 2018, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 65 (Suppl. II): 67, provided a map for Angola and discussed the literature. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 78–79, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map.

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