Poyntonophrynus hoeschi (Ahl, 1934)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Poyntonophrynus > Species: Poyntonophrynus hoeschi

Bufo hoeschi Ahl, 1934, Zool. Anz., 107: 335. Syntypes: ZMB (4 specimens), by original designation; Mertens, 1955, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 490: 26, listed ZMB 35128 as 'Typus' although this would be an invalid implied lectotype designation. Type locality: "Okahandja", Namibia.

Bufo vertebralis hoeschiPoynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 65; Channing and Van Dijk, 1976, Guide Frogs S.W. Afr.: 11.

 Bufo hoeschiMertens, 1971, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 529: 13; Channing, 1991, Madoqua, Windhoek, 17: 227.

Poyntonophrynus hoeschiFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

English Names

Okahandja Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 42).

Hoesch's Toad (Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 77).


West and central Namibia in association with rock outcrops.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Namibia

Endemic: Namibia


In the Bufo vertebralis group according to Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 65. Considered a synonym of Bufo dombensis (in their Bufo vertebralis complex) by Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 159, although they considered Bufo jordani to be in the Bufo taitanus complex. See also Mertens, 1971, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 529: 13, for taxonomic comments. Poynton and Broadley, 1988, Ann. Natal Mus., 29: 466-471, and Channing and Vences, 1999, S. Afr. J. Zool., 34: 74-79, discussed the features of this nominal species and near relatives. Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 777, and Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 166-167, provided accounts. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 151–152, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. See distribution map in Ceríaco, Marques, Bandeira, Agarwal, Stanley, Bauer, Heinicke, and Blackburn, 2018, ZooKeys, 780: 112. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 80–81, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Becker, Baptista, Vaz Pinto, Ernst, and Conradie, 2023, Namib. J. Environm., 8: 245–257, discussed this species, its range in the highlands of Angola, and provided a dot map. 

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