Poyntonophrynus parkeri (Loveridge, 1932)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Poyntonophrynus > Species: Poyntonophrynus parkeri

Bufo parkeri Loveridge, 1932, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 72: 382. Holotype: MCZ 16330, by original designation. Type locality: "swamped flats below Mangasini Village, Usandawi, Tanganyika Territory [Tanzania]".

Poyntonophrynus parkeriFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

English Names

Parker's Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 43).

Mangasini Toad (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 88 [alternative name]).

Parker's Pygmy Toad (Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 80). 


Lake Natron Basin of central Tanzania to southern Kenya, in sparsely wooded grassland.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Kenya, Tanzania


Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 88-89, provided an account. Not seen since the initial publication, according to Liedtke, Müller, Rödel, Menegon, Gonwouo, Barej, Gvoždík, Schmitz, Channing, Nagel, and Loader, 2016, Evolution, 70: 1717–1733.  Spawls, Wasonga, and Drewes, 2019, Amph. Kenya: 14, provided a range map for Kenya, photograph, and brief characterization. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 80–81, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. 

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