Rhaebo caeruleostictus (Günther, 1859)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhaebo > Species: Rhaebo caeruleostictus

Bufo caeruleostictus Günther, 1859, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1859: 415. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.20.48–49 (formerly 1860.6.16.93–94), according to Hoogmoed, 1989, Zool. Verh., Leiden, 250: 6–18. Type locality: "Andes of western Ecuador".

Rhaebo ? coeruleostictusCope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 358. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Bufo chanchanensis Fowler, 1913, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 65: 155. Holotype: ANSP 21095 (formerly 18181), according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 349. Type locality: "Camp Chiguancay, in Chanchan River valley, western Ecuador". Synonymy by Hoogmoed, 1989, Zool. Verh., Leiden, 250: 6–18.

Bufo typhonius chanchanensisLeavitt, 1933, Copeia, 1933: 8.

Rhaebo caeruleostictusFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

English Names

Blue-spotted Toad (Arteaga-Navarro, Bustamante, and Guayasamin, 2013, Amph. Rept. Mindo: 34). 


Western Ecuador along the lower western slope of the Cordillera Occidental, from northwestern Azuay Province north to Pichincha Province, 40 to 2093 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Ecuador

Endemic: Ecuador


See account, discussion, and synonymy by Hoogmoed, 1989, Zool. Verh., Leiden, 250: 6–18, who considered this species to most likely be in the Bufo guttatus group. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Bufo caeruleostictus) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 179. Arteaga-Navarro, Bustamante, and Guayasamin, 2013, Amph. Rept. Mindo: 34–35, provided an account and map for Ecuador. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.