Rhinella amboroensis (Harvey and Smith, 1993)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella amboroensis

Bufo amboroensis Harvey and Smith, 1993, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 106: 443. Holotype: MNK AM-953, by original designation. Type locality: "a small stream 12.7 km by road E of El Enpalne along road to Khara Huasi, Provincia Carrasco, Estado Cochabamba, Bolivia 2150 meters".

Chaunus amboroensisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364.

Rhinella amboroensisChaparro, Pramuk, and Gluesenkamp, 2007, Herpetologica, 63: 205; Savage and Bolaños, 2009, Zootaxa, 2005: 4, by implication.

English Names

Cochabamba Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 40).


Cloud forest in the region of the type locality, Cochabamba, and Verdecillo, Santa Cruz, Bolivia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bolivia

Endemic: Bolivia


In the Bufo veraguensis group according to the original publication. See brief account by Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 82. Sosa, Schalk, Braga, and Pinto-Ledezma, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 214, provided a record from Verdecillo, Province of Manuel Maria Caballero, Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Pereyra, Blotto, Baldo, Chaparro, Ron, Elias-Costa, Iglesias, Venegas, Thomé, Ospina-Sarria, Maciel, Rada, Kolenc, Borteiro, Rivera-Correa, Rojas-Runjaic, Moravec, De la Riva, Wheeler, Castroviejo-Fisher, Grant, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2021, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 447: 59, placed this species in synonymy of Rhinella quechua on the basis of a genetic sample lacking a voucher (MNK 5302 being lost according to M. Harvey, personal commun., 3 April 2023) from an area where both taxa are expected, and on the basis of casual observations (p. 59) "However, these difference [sic] are not consistently observed in specimens collected in the type locality of R. amboroensis (I.D.L.R., personal obs.) and they could simply represent variations within R.quechua." Given the qualitatively suspect nature of the evidence for synonymy the taxa are here retained pending more detailed study.  

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