Rhinella dapsilis (Myers and Carvalho, 1945)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella dapsilis

Bufo dapsilis Myers and Carvalho, 1945, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, N.S., Zool., 35: 10. Holotype: MNRJ A840, by original designation. Type locality: "Bom Jardim, near Benjamin Constant, at the mouth of the Rio Javary, on the Peruvian border of the state of Amazonas, Brazil".

Rhinella dapsilisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 366.

Rhinella gildae Vaz-Silva, Maciel, Bastos, and Pombal, 2015, Herpetologica, 71: 213. Holotype: MNRJ 23838, by original designation. Type locality: "São Pedro da Água Branca municipality (approximately 05° 05′ S, 48° 19′ W; 150  m asl), State of Maranhão, Brazil". Synonymy by Pereyra, Blotto, Baldo, Chaparro, Ron, Elias-Costa, Iglesias, Venegas, Thomé, Ospina-Sarria, Maciel, Rada, Kolenc, Borteiro, Rivera-Correa, Rojas-Runjaic, Moravec, De la Riva, Wheeler, Castroviejo-Fisher, Grant, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2021, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 447: 63.

English Names

Bom Jardim Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41).

Distribution

Amazonian Colombia (Amazonia and Caquetá), Brazil (Benjamin Constant), Peru (central Amazonian), and easternmost Ecuador; north-central Brazil in central Tocantíns and eastern Pará, as well western Maranhão; isolated record in north-central Ceará..

Comment

See Dixon, 1976, Herpetol. Rev., 7: 172, for discussion. Miyata, 1982, Smithson. Herpetol. Inform. Serv., 54: 3, reported this species for Ecuador without mentioning material. See comment under Rhinella margaritifera. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 13, provided a brief account. Alves da Silva, Dantas, Santos, Burati, and Santana, 2018, Herpetol. Notes, 11: 121–125, provided a new record (as Rhinella gildae) from Tocantins, Brazil, a photograph, and dot map. Ávila, Pansonato, Perez, Carvalho, Roberto, Morais, Almeida, Rojas-Zamora, Gordo, and Farias, 2018, Zootaxa, 4462: 274–290, reported (as Rhinella gildae) on morphological variation, advertisement and release calls, geographic variation, and a Bayesian tree of the Rhinella margaritifera group based on 439 bp of 16S rDNA. In the Rhinella margaritifera clade, Rhinella margaritifera group of Pereyra, Blotto, Baldo, Chaparro, Ron, Elias-Costa, Iglesias, Venegas, Thomé, Ospina-Sarria, Maciel, Rada, Kolenc, Borteiro, Rivera-Correa, Rojas-Runjaic, Moravec, De la Riva, Wheeler, Castroviejo-Fisher, Grant, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2021, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 447: 1–156. 

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