Rhinella dorbignyi (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella dorbignyi

Bufo d'Orbignyi Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 697. Holotype: MNHNP 4960, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 14. Type locality: "Montévidéo", Uruguay; corrected to "Maldonado", Uruguay, by Gallardo, 1957, Rev. Mus. Argent. Cienc. Nat. Bernardino Rivadavia, Cienc. Zool., 3: 340–342, this correction disputed by Klappenbach and Langone, 1992, An. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, Ser. 2, 8: 173, although Lescure, Bour, Ineich, Ohler, and Ortiz, 2002, C. R. Palevol, Paris, 1: 531, who had access to the specimen and data repeated the type locality as Maldonado. See comments by Maneyro and Kwet, 2008, Stuttgart. Beit. Naturkd., Ser. A, Neue Ser., 1: 99.

Chilophryne d'orbignyiFitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 32.

Bufo orbignyi —Bibron In d'Orbigny and Bibron, 1847, Voy. Am. Merid. 1826–1833, 5(1): 11. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Bufo d'orbignyiGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 67; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 322.

Phrynoidis d'orbignyiCope, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 15: 49.

Bufo dorbignyiCope, 1885 "1884", Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 22: 185; Hoogmoed, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 43. Mandatory emendation.

Bufo globulosus d'orbignyiParker, 1935, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1935: 505–530.

Bufo granulosus d'orbignyiMüller and Hellmich, 1936, Wissenschaft. Ergebn. Deutschen Gran Chaco Exped., Amph. Rept.: 12; Vellard, 1948, Acta Zool. Lilloana, 5: 166–168; Gallardo, 1957, Rev. Mus. Argent. Cienc. Nat. Bernardino Rivadavia, Cienc. Zool., 3: 340–342.

Bufo granulosus fernandezae Gallardo, 1957, Rev. Mus. Argent. Cienc. Nat. Bernardino Rivadavia, Cienc. Zool., 3: 347. Holotype: MACN 2389, by original designation; now MACN 10.334 according to Narvaes and Rodrigues, 2009, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 40: 34. Type locality: "Bella Vista (Prov. de Buenos Aires, Argentina)". Synonymy by Pereyra, Blotto, Baldo, Chaparro, Ron, Elias-Costa, Iglesias, Venegas, Thomé, Ospina-Sarria, Maciel, Rada, Kolenc, Borteiro, Rivera-Correa, Rojas-Runjaic, Moravec, De la Riva, Wheeler, Castroviejo-Fisher, Grant, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2021, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 447: 49. 

Bufo fernandezae — Cei, 1964, Not. Biol. Fac. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., Corrientes, Zool., 4: 18; Cei, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 88, and Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 193–195.

Bufo d'orbignyiCei, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 88.

Chaunus dorbignyiFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364; Savage and Bolaños, 2009, Zootaxa, 2005: 4; by implication.

Chaunus fernandezae — Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364; Savage and Bolaños, 2009, Zootaxa, 2005: 4; by implication.

Rhinella dorbignyiChaparro, Pramuk, and Gluesenkamp, 2007, Herpetologica, 63: 211, by implication.

Rhinella fernandezae — Chaparro, Pramuk, and Gluesenkamp, 2007, Herpetologica, 63: 211, by implication; Narvaes and Rodrigues, 2009, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 40: 1–73.

English Names

Dorbigny's [sic] Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41).

Bella Vista Toad (Rhinella fernandezae [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41).

Distribution

Buenos Aires Province through southern and eastern Uruguay to Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil and inland along the floodplains of the rivers Parana, Paraguay, and Uruguay north into Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil), to southern Paraguay.

Comment

In the Bufo granulosus group of Martin, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 56. Elevated from subspecies status under Bufo granulosus by Cei, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 88, and Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 195–196 (who provided an account), where it had been placed by Parker, 1935, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1935: 509. See also account (as Bufo granulosus d'orbignyi) by Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 25–26. See Klappenbach and Langone, 1992, An. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, Ser. 2, 8: 173–174, for Uruguayan distribution (as Bufo fernandezae). Pracht, 1991, Aquarium, Minder, 266: 43–44, provided a photograph and summary of characteristics (as Bufo fernandezae). Lavilla and Cei, 2001, Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 28: 24, noted the problem of seeming intergradation of this species with Rhinella fernandezae (as Bufo) in Uruguay, although Borteiro, Kolenc, Tedros, and Prigioni, 2006, Zootaxa, 1308: 49–62, noted them as sympatric and distinguishable, as well as describing larval morphology. Langone, 1995 "1994", Mus. Damaso Antonio Larrañaga, Ser. Divulg. 5: 23–24, and Achaval and Olmos, 2003, Anf. Rept. Uruguay, ed. 2: 11, provided for the Uruguayan population brief account sand photograph (as both Bufo fernandezae and Bufo dorbignyi). Salas, Zavattieri, di Tada, Martino, and Bridarolli, 1998, Cuad. Herpetol., 12: 37–48, discussed (as Bufo fernandezae) the call. Torres, Haro, Sironi, and Bistoni, 2000, Cuad. Herpetol., 14: 81, provided records for Argentina (as Bufo fernandezae). Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 18–19, briefly discussed the range (as Bufo fernandezae) in Paraguay. Maneyro and Kwet, 2008, Stuttgart. Beit. Naturkd., Ser. A, Neue Ser., 1: 95–121, provided comments on the type locality, range, natural history, and conservation status (both as Bufo dorbignyi and Bufo fernandezae). Narvaes and Rodrigues, 2009, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 40: 1–73, revised the Rhinella granulosa group, provided an account for this species, and noted hybridization with nominal Rhinella fernandezae in Buenos Aires, Canelones, Lavalleja, and Salto Provinces, Argentina, as well as the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Guerra, Baldo, Rosset, Borteiro, and Kolenc, 2011, Zootaxa, 3092: 36, reported on the advertisement and release calls, and suggested that Rhinella dorbignyi and Rhinella fernandezae are likely conspecific. Simon, Machado, and Marroig, 2016, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. B, Biol. Sci., 283 (20161783): 1–10, reported on skull evolution within the Rhinella granulosa group and provided a dot map. In the Rhinella marina clade, Rhinella granulosa group of Pereyra, Blotto, Baldo, Chaparro, Ron, Elias-Costa, Iglesias, Venegas, Thomé, Ospina-Sarria, Maciel, Rada, Kolenc, Borteiro, Rivera-Correa, Rojas-Runjaic, Moravec, De la Riva, Wheeler, Castroviejo-Fisher, Grant, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2021, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 447: 1–156.  

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