Rhinella fissipes (Boulenger, 1903)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella fissipes

English Names

Carabaya Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41).


Known only from the type locality (Puno, Peru).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Peru

Endemic: Peru


Not in the Bufo margaritifer group, as considered by some authors, although it is not clear where its relationships lie, according to Hoogmoed, 1990, in Peters and Hutterer (eds.), Vert. Tropics: 115. In the Bufo veraguensis group of Duellman and Schulte, 1992, Copeia, 1992: 162–172. De la Riva, Köhler, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 14: 26, noted that previous reports (e.g., Hoogmoed, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 44) for Bolivia seemingly lacked voucher specimens, so the presence of this species in Bolivia remained unsubstantiated, although later in the year Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 82–84, provided records for Bolivia and a brief account, subsequently named as Rhinella kuka. In the Rhinella margaritifera clade, Rhinella veraguensis group of Pereyra, Blotto, Baldo, Chaparro, Ron, Elias-Costa, Iglesias, Venegas, Thomé, Ospina-Sarria, Maciel, Rada, Kolenc, Borteiro, Rivera-Correa, Rojas-Runjaic, Moravec, De la Riva, Wheeler, Castroviejo-Fisher, Grant, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2021, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 447: 1–156. Köhler, Vences, Padial, Plewnia, and Lötters, 2023, Salamandra, 59: 321, provided a dot map of the species that reassigned records from Peru to Rhinella kuka

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