Rhinella fissipes (Boulenger, 1903)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella fissipes

English Names

Carabaya Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41).


Known only from the type locality (Puno, Peru); Yungas de Cochabamba and La Paz, and from the foothills of the Andes in the vicinity of Rurrenabaque, Departamento Beni, Bolivia, 250–1700 m elevation.

Geographics occurrence

Natural resident: Bolivia, Peru


Not in the Bufo margaritifer group, as considered by some authors, although it is not clear where its relationships lie, according to Hoogmoed, 1990, in Peters and Hutterer (eds.), Vert. Tropics: 115. In the Bufo veraguensis group of Duellman and Schulte, 1992, Copeia, 1992: 162–172. De la Riva, Köhler, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 14: 26, noted that previous reports (e.g., Hoogmoed, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 44) for Bolivia seemingly lacked voucher specimens, so the presence of this species in Bolivia remained unsubstantiated, although later in the year Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 82–84, provided records for Bolivia and a brief account. In the Rhinella margaritifera clade, Rhinella veraguensis group of Pereyra, Blotto, Baldo, Chaparro, Ron, Elias-Costa, Iglesias, Venegas, Thomé, Ospina-Sarria, Maciel, Rada, Kolenc, Borteiro, Rivera-Correa, Rojas-Runjaic, Moravec, De la Riva, Wheeler, Castroviejo-Fisher, Grant, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2021, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 447: 1–156.

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