Rhinella hoogmoedi Caramaschi and Pombal, 2006

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella hoogmoedi

Rhinella hoogmoedi Caramaschi and Pombal, 2006, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 46: 252. Holotype: MNRJ 40325, by original designation. Type locality: "Fazenda Santa Clara, Municipality of Canavieiras (15° 41′ S, 38° 57′ W, ca. 5 m in altitude), State of Bahia, Brazil".

English Names

None noted.


Atlantic forest of eastern Brazil from the state of Ceará to the state of Paraná; formerly (and possibly now) to the state of Rio de Janeiro; a very similar  unconfirmed candidate species (Rhinella cf. hoogmoedi) found between the Negro and Branco Rivers, central Amazonas to central Roraima, Brazil. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil

Endemic: Brazil


 Oliveira, Weber, and Napoli, 2014, Herpetol. J., 24: 229–236, reported on larval morphology of the chondrocranium and hypobranchial apparatus. Bruschi, Sousa, Soares, Carvalho, Busin, Ficanha, Lima, Andrade, and Recco-Pimentel, 2019, Genet. Mol. Biol., 42: 445-451, reported on karyotype. Dubeux, Silva, Nascimento, Gonçalves, and Mott, 2019, Rev. Nordestina Zool., 12: 18–52, summarized the literature on larval morphology. See Dubeux, Nascimento, Lima, Magalhães, Silva, Gonçalves, Almeida, Correia, Garda, Mesquita, Rossa-Feres, and Mott, 2020, Biota Neotrop., 20 (2: e20180718): 1–24, for characterization and identification of larvae north of the Rio São Francisco in the Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil; these populations likely assignable to Rhinella margaritifera according to Fouquet, Ferrão, Rodrigues, Werneck, Prates, Moraes, Hrbek, Chaparro, Lima, Perez, Pansonato, Carvalho, Almeida, Gordo, Farias, Milto, Roberto, Rojas-Zamora, Ron, Guerra Batista, Recoder, Camacho, Mamani, Rainha, and Ávila, 2024, Syst. Biodiversity, 22 (1, 2291086): Appendix 2, who also delimited Rhinella cf. hoogmoedi and noted evidence of hybridization with Rhinella exostosica  In the Rhinella margaritifera clade, Rhinella margaritifera group of Pereyra, Blotto, Baldo, Chaparro, Ron, Elias-Costa, Iglesias, Venegas, Thomé, Ospina-Sarria, Maciel, Rada, Kolenc, Borteiro, Rivera-Correa, Rojas-Runjaic, Moravec, De la Riva, Wheeler, Castroviejo-Fisher, Grant, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2021, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 447: 1–156.   

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