Rhinella humboldti (Gallardo, 1965)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella humboldti

Bufo granulosus humboldti Gallardo, 1965, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 134: 117. Holotype: MCZ 24882, by original designation. Type locality: "Gualanday, W. of Girardot, Dept. Tolima, Colombia".

Bufo humboltiRivas-Fuenmayor and Barrio-Amorós, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 205. Incorrect subsequent spelling and undiscussed taxonomic change.

Rhinella humboldtiPramuk, Robertson, Sites, and Noonan, 2008, Global Ecol. Biogeograph., 17: 76; Narvaes and Rodrigues, 2009, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 40: 43.

English Names

Rivero's Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 40).


Colombia in the Magdalena Valley north to the Caribbean and on the eastern side of the Andes in Casanare, Colombia. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia

Endemic: Colombia


Narvaes and Rodrigues, 2009, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 40: 1–73, revised the Rhinella granulosa group, provided an account for this species, and considered Rhinella beebei to be a synonym. Murphy, Angarita-Sierra, Downie, and Jowers, 2017, Salamandra, 53: 267–278, redelimited the species as comprised of populations east of the Andes formerly assigned to Rhinella humboldtiAvila-Pires, Hoogmoed, and Rocha, 2010, Bol. Mus. Parense Emilio Goeldi, Cienc. Nat., 5: 24, suggested that this taxon might not be distinct from some undisclosed member of the Rhinella granulosa group but did not provide any evidence beyond their difficulty in identifying animals. Acosta-Galvis, 2012, Biota Colomb., 13: 213–231, reported the species in the Departamento Sucre, northern Colombia, and briefly discussed habitat. Torres-Suárez and Vargas-Salinas, 2013, Zootaxa, 3702: 198–200, reported on the advertisement call. See account, photograph, and dot map for Colombia by Torres-Suárez and Vargas-Salinas, 2014, Catal. Anf. Rept. Colombia, Medellín, 2(2): 19–23, in the sense of including Rhinella beebeiSimon, Machado, and Marroig, 2016, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. B, Biol. Sci., 283 (20161783): 1–10, reported on skull evolution within the Rhinella granulosa group and provided a dot map. Acosta-Galvis, 2017, Biota Colomb., 18: 282–315, reported the species from the Municipality of Yopal, Casanare Department, Colombia. In the Rhinella marina clade, Rhinella granulosa group of Pereyra, Blotto, Baldo, Chaparro, Ron, Elias-Costa, Iglesias, Venegas, Thomé, Ospina-Sarria, Maciel, Rada, Kolenc, Borteiro, Rivera-Correa, Rojas-Runjaic, Moravec, De la Riva, Wheeler, Castroviejo-Fisher, Grant, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2021, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 447: 1–156. Rivera, Prates, Caldwell, Rodrigues, and Fujita, 2022, Heredity, 130: 14–21, reported on mtDNA phylogenetics in the Rhinella granulosa group, including this species.   

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