Rhinella limensis (Werner, 1901)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella limensis

English Names

Peru Coast Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 42).


Arid Peruvian coast from Pisco north to Sechura desert, 70-2830 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Peru

Endemic: Peru


In the Bufo spinulosus group of Martin, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 57. Possibly conspecific with Bufo vellardi (as Bufo orientalis Vellard, 1959) according to Cei, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 82-91. See comment under Rhinella vellardi. Considered a subspecies of Rhinella spinulosa (as Bufo) by Vellard, 1959, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Javier Prado, 8: 18, and Gorham, 1974, Checklist World Amph.: 84, or a synonym by Boulenger, 1902, Zool. Rec., 38: 33, or Nieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 115. Córdova, 1999, Stuttgart. Beit. Naturkd., Ser. A—Biol., 600: 1-28, reported on karyotype and relationship to Rhinella spinulosa (as Bufo). Vera Candioti, Grosso, Pereyra, Haad, Lescano, Siu-Ting, Aguilar, and Baldo, 2020, Herpetol. Monogr., 34: 116–130, reported on larval morphology. In the Rhinella marina clade, Rhinella spinulosa group of  Pereyra, Blotto, Baldo, Chaparro, Ron, Elias-Costa, Iglesias, Venegas, Thomé, Ospina-Sarria, Maciel, Rada, Kolenc, Borteiro, Rivera-Correa, Rojas-Runjaic, Moravec, De la Riva, Wheeler, Castroviejo-Fisher, Grant, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2021, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 447: 1–156, who reported on systematics.

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