Rhinella martyi Fouquet, Gaucher, Blanc, and Vélez-Rodriguez, 2007

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella martyi

Rhinella martyi Fouquet, Gaucher, Blanc, and Vélez-Rodriguez, 2007, Zootaxa, 1663: 21. Holotype: MNHNP 2006.2601, by original designation. Type locality: "Brownsberg Nature Park, Suriname, Brokopondo district (4°56′N/55°10′W), 510 m above sea level".

English Names

None noted.


Most of Suriname including Brownsberg Nature Park, Goliathberg area, Lely mountains, Kaysergebergte, Sipaliwini and Raleighvallen; in southern French Guiana and from Guyana (Bartica, Kurupukari and Baramita), into Roraima state of Brazil and may extend into eastern Venezuela. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname

Likely/Controversially Present: Venezuela


In the Rhinella margaritifera group according to the original publication, where external morphology and advertisement call were discussed. In a confusing note Avila-Pires, Hoogmoed, and Rocha, 2010, Bol. Mus. Parense Emilio Goeldi, Cienc. Nat., 5: 64, placed this taxon as a synonym of Rhinella (as Bufo) margaritifer, citing that the naming of Rhinella martyi was based on several misapprehensions. Avila-Pires, Hoogmoed, and Rocha, 2010, Bol. Mus. Parense Emilio Goeldi, Cienc. Nat., 5: 64, designated the illustrated frogs in Seba, 1734, Locuplet. Rer. Nat. Thesaur. Descript. Icon. Exp. Univ. Phys. Hist., 1: pl. 71, fig. 6, 7, as lectotypes of Rana margaritifera (which Avila-Pires et al., 2010, suggested was not separable from Rhinella martyi, although these animals as figured are not separable on any published basis from most species of Rhinella of the Rhinella margaritifera group and remain of very vague geographical origin), rejected without published evidence that Rhinella martyi is distinct. Lavilla, Caramaschi, Langone, Pombal, and de Sá, 2013, Zootaxa, 3646: 256, considered this synonymy premature. See account for Suriname population by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 70-73. See Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 379-381, for brief account and records for Guyana. Moraes, Almeida, Fraga, Rojas-Zamora, Pirani, Silva, Carvalho, Gordo, and Werneck, 2017, ZooKeys, 715: 103–159, reported on and discussed specimens from the Serra da Mocidade, state of Roraima, northern Brazil. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 17, suggested that this species might occur in Venezuela along the northern versant of the Serranía de Lema. Removed from the synonymy of Rhinella margaritifera by Fouquet, Ferrão, Rodrigues, Werneck, Prates, Moraes, Hrbek, Chaparro, Lima, Perez, Pansonato, Carvalho, Almeida, Gordo, Farias, Milto, Roberto, Rojas-Zamora, Ron, Guerra Batista, Recoder, Camacho, Mamani, Rainha, and Ávila, 2024, Syst. Biodiversity, 22 (1, 2291086): Appendix 2, where it had been placed by Avila-Pires, Hoogmoed, and Rocha, 2010, Bol. Mus. Parense Emilio Goeldi, Cienc. Nat., 5: 64, and Pereyra, Blotto, Baldo, Chaparro, Ron, Elias-Costa, Iglesias, Venegas, Thomé, Ospina-Sarria, Maciel, Rada, Kolenc, Borteiro, Rivera-Correa, Rojas-Runjaic, Moravec, De la Riva, Wheeler, Castroviejo-Fisher, Grant, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2021, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 447: 63. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.