Rhinella pleuroptera (Schmidt, 1857)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella pleuroptera

Bufo pleuropterus Schmidt, 1857, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Phys. Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 24: 13. Holotype: KM 1030/1348 according to Savage, 1970, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 38: 273–288. Type locality: "Bolivia"; subsequently, given by Schmidt, 1858, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 14: 253, as "Grenzegebiet von Bolivia gegen Peru, in etwa 3000 Höhe", from an area now in Peru according to Lötters and Köhler, 2000, Spixiana, München, 23: 300, who considered the application of this name to be uncertain. 

Otilophus ? pleuropterus — Cope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 358.

Rhinella pleuroptera — Köhler, Vences, Padial, Plewnia, and Lötters, 2023, Salamandra, 59: 323. 

English Names

None noted. 


Known only from the imprecise type locality in the montane forests of southeastern Peru on the border area with Bolivia. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Peru

Endemic: Peru


Resurrected from the synonymy of Rhinella margaritifera by Köhler, Vences, Padial, Plewnia, and Lötters, 2023, Salamandra, 59: 323 (who suggested it is likely a member of the Rhinella verguensis group and likely close to Rhinella inca), where it had been placed by Peters, 1873, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1873: 624, and Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 317. Lötters and Köhler, 2000, Spixiana, München, 23: 300, noted that the type locality is likely currently in Peru, given the collector's itinerary and the loss of Peruvian territory to Bolivia in 1909.

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