Rhinella quechua (Gallardo, 1961)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella quechua

Bufo quechua Gallardo, 1961, Breviora, 141: 4. Holotype: CM 4225, by original designation. Type locality: "Incachaca, 2500 m, Department of Cochabamba, Bolivia".

Bufo echinodes Reynolds and Foster, 1992, Herpetol. Monogr., 6: 87. Holotype: USNM 257799, by original designation. Type locality: "Parjacti [= Paracti], 83.2 km by road NE Cochabamba on road to Villa Tunari, Chapare Province, Department of Cochabamba, Bolivia, elevation approximately 2044 m". Synonymy by Harvey and Smith, 1993, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 106: 442-449. "Incachaca, 2500 m, Department of Cochabamba, Bolivia".

Bufo amboroensis Harvey and Smith, 1993, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 106: 443. Holotype: MNK AM-953, by original designation. Type locality: "a small stream 12.7 km by road E of El Enpalne along road to Khara Huasi, Provincia Carrasco, Estado Cochabamba, Bolivia 2150 meters". Synonymy by Pereyra, Blotto, Baldo, Chaparro, Ron, Elias-Costa, Iglesias, Venegas, Thomé, Ospina-Sarria, Maciel, Rada, Kolenc, Borteiro, Rivera-Correa, Rojas-Runjaic, Moravec, De la Riva, Wheeler, Castroviejo-Fisher, Grant, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2021, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 447: 59. 

Bufo echinoidesHarvey and Smith, 1993, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 106: 442-449. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Chaunus quechuaFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364.

Chaunus amboroensis — Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364.

Rhinella quechuaChaparro, Pramuk, and Gluesenkamp, 2007, Herpetologica, 63: 205.

Rhinella amboroensis — Chaparro, Pramuk, and Gluesenkamp, 2007, Herpetologica, 63: 205; Savage and Bolaños, 2009, Zootaxa, 2005: 4, by implication.

English Names

Incachaca Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 43).

Cochabamba Toad (Rhinella amboroensis [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 40).

Distribution

Eastern slopes of the Bolivian Andes from Departamentos Cochabamba, Verdecillo, and Santa Cruz, Bolivia, 1900-2600 m elevation.

Comment

In the Bufo ockendeni (= Rhinella veraguensis) group in the original publication, a group recognized by Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 203. Although asserted to be a member of Rhinella (as Bufo typhonius group) group by Blair (ed.), 1972, Evol. Genus Bufo, its membership in the Rhinella veraguensis group (as Bufo) was supported by Hoogmoed, 1990, in Peters and Hutterer (eds.), Vert. Tropics: 117, and Harvey and Smith, 1993, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 106: 442-449. See Lavilla and Cei, 2001, Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 28: 26-27, noted confusion in the literature with Rhinella rumbolli. See brief accounts (as both Bufo amboroensis and Bufo quechua) by Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 82, 86-87. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Bufo quechua) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 190. Sosa, Schalk, Braga, and Pinto-Ledezma, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 214, provided a record (as Rhinella amboroensis) from Verdecillo, Province of Manuel Maria Caballero, Santa Cruz, Bolivia. In the Rhinella margaritifera clade, Rhinella veraguensis group of Pereyra, Blotto, Baldo, Chaparro, Ron, Elias-Costa, Iglesias, Venegas, Thomé, Ospina-Sarria, Maciel, Rada, Kolenc, Borteiro, Rivera-Correa, Rojas-Runjaic, Moravec, De la Riva, Wheeler, Castroviejo-Fisher, Grant, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2021, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 447: 1–156.

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