Rhinella quechua (Gallardo, 1961)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella quechua

Bufo quechua Gallardo, 1961, Breviora, 141: 4. Holotype: CM 4225, by original designation. Type locality: "Incachaca, 2500 m, Department of Cochabamba, Bolivia".

Bufo echinodes Reynolds and Foster, 1992, Herpetol. Monogr., 6: 87. Holotype: USNM 257799, by original designation. Type locality: "Parjacti [= Paracti], 83.2 km by road NE Cochabamba on road to Villa Tunari, Chapare Province, Department of Cochabamba, Bolivia, elevation approximately 2044 m". Synonymy by Harvey and Smith, 1993, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 106: 442–449. "Incachaca, 2500 m, Department of Cochabamba, Bolivia".

Bufo echinoidesHarvey and Smith, 1993, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 106: 442–449. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Chaunus quechuaFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364.

Rhinella quechuaChaparro, Pramuk, and Gluesenkamp, 2007, Herpetologica, 63: 205.


English Names

Incachaca Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 43).


Eastern slopes of the Bolivian Andes from Departaments of Cochabamba, Verdecillo, and Santa Cruz, 1900–2600 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bolivia

Endemic: Bolivia


In the Bufo ockendeni (= Rhinella veraguensis) group in the original publication, a group recognized by Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 203. Although asserted to be a member of Rhinella (as Bufo typhonius group) group by Blair (ed.), 1972, Evol. Genus Bufo, its membership in the Rhinella veraguensis group (as Bufo) was supported by Hoogmoed, 1990, in Peters and Hutterer (eds.), Vert. Tropics: 117, and Harvey and Smith, 1993, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 106: 442–449. See Lavilla and Cei, 2001, Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 28: 26–27, noted confusion in the literature with Rhinella rumbolli. See brief accounts (as both Bufo amboroensis and Bufo quechua) by Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 82, 86–87. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Bufo quechua) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 190. Sosa, Schalk, Braga, and Pinto-Ledezma, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 214, provided a record (as Rhinella amboroensis) from Verdecillo, Province of Manuel Maria Caballero, Santa Cruz, Bolivia. In the Rhinella margaritifera clade, Rhinella veraguensis group of Pereyra, Blotto, Baldo, Chaparro, Ron, Elias-Costa, Iglesias, Venegas, Thomé, Ospina-Sarria, Maciel, Rada, Kolenc, Borteiro, Rivera-Correa, Rojas-Runjaic, Moravec, De la Riva, Wheeler, Castroviejo-Fisher, Grant, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2021, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 447: 1–156. See comment under Rhinella amboroensisKöhler, Vences, Padial, Plewnia, and Lötters, 2023, Salamandra, 59: 321, provided a dot map of the species. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.