Rhinella sclerocephala (Mijares-Urrutia and Arends-R., 2001)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella sclerocephala

Bufo sclerocephalus Mijares-Urrutia and Arends-R., 2001, Herpetologica, 57: 525. Holotype: EBRG 3415, by original designation. Type locality: "1.5 km (by road) from Curimagua to Cerro Galicia, Municipio Petit, Sierra de San Luis, Estado Falcón, Venezuela (about 11° 10′ N, 69° 41′ W), about 1150 m".

Rhinella sclerocephalaFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 366.

English Names

None noted.


Cloud forests of the Sierra de San Luis, Estado Falcón, Venezuela, 1150-1350 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Venezuela

Endemic: Venezuela


In the Rhinella margaritifera complex (as Bufo) according to the original publication. Barrio-Amorós, 2004, Rev. Ecol. Lat. Am., 9: 4, noted the Venezuelan distribution and relevant literature. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Bufo sclerocephalus) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 191. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 19, for comments on range and literature for Venezuela. In the Rhinella margaritifera clade, Rhinella margaritifera group of Pereyra, Blotto, Baldo, Chaparro, Ron, Elias-Costa, Iglesias, Venegas, Thomé, Ospina-Sarria, Maciel, Rada, Kolenc, Borteiro, Rivera-Correa, Rojas-Runjaic, Moravec, De la Riva, Wheeler, Castroviejo-Fisher, Grant, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2021, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 447: 1–156. In the Rhinella margaritifera group, Rhinella acutirostris clade of  Fouquet, Ferrão, Rodrigues, Werneck, Prates, Moraes, Hrbek, Chaparro, Lima, Perez, Pansonato, Carvalho, Almeida, Gordo, Farias, Milto, Roberto, Rojas-Zamora, Ron, Guerra Batista, Recoder, Camacho, Mamani, Rainha, and Ávila, 2024, Syst. Biodiversity, 22 (1, 2291086): 1–29. 

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