Rhinella veraguensis (Schmidt, 1857)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella veraguensis

Bufo veraguensis Schmidt, 1857, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Phys. Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 24: 10. Holotype: KM 1032/1350, lost, according to Savage, 1970, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 38: 273–288. BMNH 1947.2.21.23 (lectotype of Bufo ockendeni), designated neotype by Hoogmoed, 1990, in Peters and Hutterer (eds.), Vert. Tropics: 116. Type locality: "Neu-Granada"; subsequently stated by Schmidt, 1858, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 14: 254, as "Neu-Granada, Provinz Veragua" in error according to Savage, 1969, Copeia, 1969: 178–179, who suggested that the type came from Bolivia or Peru. Neotype from "Marcapata Valley, E. Peru". See discussion by Savage, 1970, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 38: 273–288.

Chilophryne veraguensisCope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 358.

Incilius veraguensisCope, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 15: 50.

Bufo ockendeni Boulenger, 1902, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, 10: 396. Syntypes: BMNH (several specimens), by original designation, these being BMNH 1947.2.21.2637 (formerly 1902.5.29.130-131) and 1947.2.21.21–25 (formerly 1902.5.29.199–203), according to museum records. BMNH 1947.2.21.23 designated lectotype by Savage, 1969, Copeia, 1969: 179. Type locality: "Marcapata Valley, E. Peru" and "Charuplaya, Bolivia"; restricted to "Marcapata Valley, E. Peru" by lectotype designation. Synonymy by Savage, 1969, Copeia, 1969: 178–179.

Chaunus veraguensisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364.

Rhinella veraguensisChaparro, Pramuk, and Gluesenkamp, 2007, Herpetologica, 63: 205.

English Names

Veragua Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 44).


Southeastern Peru and the departments of Cochabamba, Chuquisaca, La Paz, and Santa Cruz, Bolivia, between 1300 and 1900 m, in interandean valleys and the Amazonian versant.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bolivia, Peru


Removed from Rhinella (as the Bufo margaritifer group) by Hoogmoed, 1990, in Peters and Hutterer (eds.), Vert. Tropics: 116. See comment under Rhinella inca. In the Rhinella veraguensis group (as Bufo) of Duellman and Schulte, 1992, Copeia, 1992: 162–172. Cadle and Altig, 2008, Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ., 26: 45–53, described larval morphology. See brief account by Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 87. De la Riva and Reichle, 2014, Herpetol. Monogr., 28: 59, who discussed conservation status in Bolivia, noted that this species has become very rare in that country. In the Rhinella margaritifera clade, Rhinella veraguensis group of Pereyra, Blotto, Baldo, Chaparro, Ron, Elias-Costa, Iglesias, Venegas, Thomé, Ospina-Sarria, Maciel, Rada, Kolenc, Borteiro, Rivera-Correa, Rojas-Runjaic, Moravec, De la Riva, Wheeler, Castroviejo-Fisher, Grant, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2021, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 447: 1–156. Köhler, Vences, Padial, Plewnia, and Lötters, 2023, Salamandra, 59: 321, provided a polygon map of the species.  

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