Sclerophrys asmarae (Tandy, Bogart, Largen, and Feener, 1982)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Sclerophrys > Species: Sclerophrys asmarae

Bufo asmarae Tandy, Bogart, Largen, and Feener, 1982, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 17: 5. Holotype: TNHC 39397, by original designation. Type locality: "Asmara, Eritrea, Ethiopia (15° 20′ N—38° 55′ E), Sta. 39, altitude 2340 m".

Amietophrynus asmaraeFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 363.

Sclerophrys asmarae  Ohler and Dubois, 2016, PeerJ, 4(e1553): 9. 

English Names

Asmara Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 40).


Highland of Ethiopia on both sides of the Rift Valley, the western population extending north into Eritrea, elevations of 1800-3000 m in Ethiopia and down to 200 m in Eritrea.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Eritrea, Ethiopia


A tetraploid species of the Bufo regularis complex most similar to Bufo kerinyagae and Bufo regularis, according to the original publication. See also Tandy, Bogart, Largen, and Feener, 1985, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 20: 211, 267. Largen, 2001, Tropical Zool., 14: 314, provided comments on range. See account (as Bufo asmarae), photograph, and map by Largen and Spawls, 2010, Amph. Rept. Ethiopia Eritrea: 76-80. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 68–69, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map.

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