Sclerophrys blanfordii (Boulenger, 1882)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Sclerophrys > Species: Sclerophrys blanfordii

Bufo blanfordii Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 301. Syntypes: BMNH 1869.11.4.22 and 1869.11.4.30-31, including animal figured on pl. 19, fig. 4 of the original publication and museum records. Type localities: "Ain Samhar" and "Sooroo", Ethiopia.

Bufo viridis somalacus Meek, 1897, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 1: 177. Syntypes: FMNH 419 and MCZ 19104-05 (on exchange from FMNH according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 86). Marx, 1958, Fieldiana, Zool., 36: 430, regarded FMNH 419 as "Type", although this does not constitute a lectotype designation. Type locality: "Haili" (= Hialeh), Somalia. (Note: discussion in text of the type description of Phrynobatrachus hailiensis suggests that the true type locality could be anywhere within 20 miles of the stated type locality—DRF.) Synonymy by Boulenger, 1898, Zool. Rec., 34: 31; Boulenger, 1898, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 2, 18: 716.

Bufo somalicus Calabresi, 1927, Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Milano, 66: 18. Holotype: MZUF. Type locality: "Ehil", Somalia. Synonymy by Hulselmans, 1977, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 9: 139; Lanza, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 152.

Bufo sibiliai Scortecci, 1929, Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Milano, 68: 186. Syntypes: MSNM Am 272 (2 specimens) according to Blackburn and Scali, 2014, Herpetol. Monogr., 28: 27, who discussed the material. Type locality: "Regione Fil-Fil, presso Ghinda", Eritrea. Synonymy by Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 158.

Amietophrynus blanfordiiFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 363.

Sclerophrys blanfordii  Ohler and Dubois, 2016, PeerJ, 4(e1553): 9. 

English Names

Blanford's Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 40).

Ethiopia Toad (Bufo sibiliai [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 43).


Northeastern Eritrea, Djibouti, extreme northern Ethiopia and northern Somalia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia


In the Bufo blanfordii group of Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 158. Discussed by Tandy and Feener, 1985, in Schuchmann (ed.), Proc. Internatl. Symp Afr. Vert.: 549-585. See Largen, 2001, Tropical Zool., 14: 315, for comments on habitat and distribution. See account (as Bufo blanfordii), photograph, and map for Ethiopia and Eritrea by Largen and Spawls, 2010, Amph. Rept. Ethiopia Eritrea: 91. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 68–69, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map.

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