Sclerophrys camerunensis (Parker, 1936)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Sclerophrys > Species: Sclerophrys camerunensis

Bufo camerunensis Parker, 1936, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1936: 153. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.21.33 (formerly 1910.2.23.5), according to Grandison, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 39. Type locality: "Oban, Calabar", Nigeria.

Bufo camerunensis poensis Parker, 1936, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1936: 155. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.3.30.167 (now 1947.2.31.23, Moka) and 1906.3.30.168 (, now 1947.2.31.24, Musola), by original designation and museum records. Type localities: "Moka (1300-1500 m.)and one from Musola (500-700 m.), Fernando Po" (= Bioko, Equatorial Guinea).

Bufo camerunensis camerunensisParker, 1936, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1936: 153.

Bufo cameronensis cameronensisSchiøtz, 1964, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 127: 2. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Amietophrynus camerunensisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 363.

Sclerophrys camerunensis  Ohler and Dubois, 2016, PeerJ, 4(e1553): 9. 

English Names

Oban Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41).

Cameroon Toad (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 71).


Southeastern Nigeria, southern Cameroon, and Gabon to northeast-central Central African Republic, and northern to eastern Dem. Rep. Congo; Equatorial Guinea (including Bioko). Expected in northern Rep. Congo. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria

Likely/Controversially Present: Congo, Republic of the


West African populations now assigned to Sclerophrys togoensis and Sclerophrys chevalieri. In the Bufo latifrons group of Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 159.  Frétey and Blanc, 2002 "2001", Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 126: 380, reported this species from Gabon. Rödel and Branch, 2002, Salamandra, 38: 251, suggested that the mutual taxonomic status of Bufo togoensis, Bufo camerunensis, and Bufo cristiglans requires careful reevaluation, implying that West African populations may actually refer to Bufo togoensis. Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 71-72, provided a brief account for East Africa. Rödel and Bangoura, 2004, Tropical Zool., 17: 207, suggested that reports of this species from Mount Nimba are actually Sclerophrys togoensis. Lasso, Rial, Castroviejo, and De la Riva, 2002, Graellsia, 58: 21-34, provided notes on ecological distribution in Equatorial Guinea. Schiøtz, 1963, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 125: 15-15, provided records for Nigeria. Frétey, Barriere, and Ohler, 2006, Herpetol. Rev., 37: 357, provided a record for Central African Republic and discussed the range. Jacobsen, 2009, Afr. Herp News, 47: 2-20, reported this species from east-north-central Central African Republic. Dewynter, Frétey, Jongsma, Bamba-Kaya, and Pauwels, 2018, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 18: 38, provided a brief account and photographs from the Monts Birougou area of Gabon. Dewynter and Frétey, 2019, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 27: 16, summarized the literature for Gabon and provided photographs (p. 52). Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 70–71, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Mali, Banda, Chifundera, Badjedjea, Sebe, Lokasola, Ewango, Tungaluna, and Akaibe, 2019, Am. J. Zool., 2: 38–43, reported the species from the Okapi Wildlife Reserve, northeastern Dem. Rep. Congo. See brief account, range map, and photographs for Equatorial Guinea in Sánchez-Vialas, Calvo-Revuelta, Castroviejo-Fisher, and De la Riva, 2020, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 66: 137–230. Badjedjea, Masudi, Akaibe, and Gvoždík, 2022, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 16 (1: e301): 47, commented on a population (their Sclerophrys sp. aff. camerunensis 1) from the Kokolopori Bonobo Nature Reserve, Tshuapa Province, Dem. Rep. Congo, which they suggested is a distinct species. 

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