Sclerophrys capensis Tschudi, 1838

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Sclerophrys > Species: Sclerophrys capensis

Sclerophrys capensis Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 85. Type(s): Not designated; MNHNP 0.742, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 15. Type locality: "Promontorium Bonae Spei" (= Cape of Good Hope), Western Cape Province, Rep. South Africa.

Bufo regularis rangeri Hewitt, 1935, Rec. Albany Mus., 4: 285. Syntypes: AMG (2 specimens), by original designation; now in PEM. PEM A822 designated lectotype by  Conradie, Branch, and Watson, 2015, Zootaxa, 3936: 57, who commented on the type series. Type locality: "Gleniffer, near Kei Road, C[ape]. P[rovince].", Rep. South Africa.

Bufo rangeriPoynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 57.

Amietophrynus rangeriFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 363.

Sclerophrys capensis — Ohler and Dubois, 2016, PeerJ, 4(e1553): 1. 

English Names

Raucous Toad (Wager, 1965, Frogs S. Afr.: 106; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 4; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 74; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 154).

Kei Road Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 43).

Ranger's Toad (Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 15; Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 93).


Throughout South Africa excluding the central Karoo region; along the Orange River into extreme southern Namibia; possibly to be found in extreme southeastern Botswana, extreme southern Zimbabwe, and extreme southern Mozambique.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa

Likely/Controversially Present: Botswana, Mozambique, Zimbabwe


In the Bufo regularis group of Martin, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 61, and Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 159. Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 93, Cunningham, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 77-80, Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 519-521, and Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 154-155, provided an accounts  (as Bufo rangeri and Amietophrynus rangeri). Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 135–137, reported on comparative tadpole morphology (as Amietophrynus rangeri). Ohler and Dubois, 2016, PeerJ, 4(e1553): 1–13, redescribed the holotype and discussed the nomenclatural ramifications of its identification. Phaka, Netherlands, Kruger, and Du Preez, 2017, Bilingual Field Guide Frogs Zululand: 30, provided a photograph, Zululand regional map, and a brief account of life history and identification. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 66–67, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map.  

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