Sclerophrys dodsoni (Boulenger, 1895)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Sclerophrys > Species: Sclerophrys dodsoni

Bufo dodsoni Boulenger, 1895, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1895: 540. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.21.19 (formerly, according to Grandison, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 43. Type locality: "Rassa Alla", northeastern Ethiopia.

Bufo brevipalmata Ahl, 1924, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 11: 11. Syntypes: ZMB (2 specimens), registration numbers not provide in the original publication. Type localities: "Dadab" and "Bellaua". Synonymy by Lanza, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 155.

"Bufo" dodsoniFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 363. Excluded from Bufo and unassigned to genus.

Duttaphrynus dodsoniVan Bocxlaer, Biju, Loader, and Bossuyt, 2009, BMC Evol. Biol., 9 (e131): 1–10, by implication.

Amietophrynus dodsoniPortik and Papenfuss, 2015, BMC Evol. Biol., 15 (152): 5. 

Sclerophrys dodsoni  Ohler and Dubois, 2016, PeerJ, 4(e1553): 9. 

English Names

Dodson's Toad (Flower, 1933, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1933: 839; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 38; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41).


Eastern Africa from extreme southeastern Egypt through coastal Sudan to Eritrea, northeastern Ethiopia, and northern and eastern Somalia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan


In the Bufo arabicus (formerly Bufo orientalis) group of Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 160. Lanza, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 155, noted that this species had been confused in considerable literature with Bufo regularis and Bufo blanfordii. See account by Scortecci, 1933, Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Milano, 72: 24. See Largen, 2001, Tropical Zool., 14: 315, for comments on habitat and distribution. Baha El Din, 2006, Guide Rept. Amph. Egypt: 29-31, provided an account for Egypt. See account (as Bufo dodsoni), photograph, and map for Ethiopia and Eritrea by Largen and Spawls, 2010, Amph. Rept. Ethiopia Eritrea: 94. See comments on distribution and population status in Egypt by Ibrahim, 2013, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 27: 109. Liedtke, Müller, Hafner, Penner, Gower, Mazuch, Rödel, and Loader, 2017, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. B, Biol. Sci., 284 (20162598): 6,  found this species (via a Bayesian analysis in BEAST) to be the sister taxon of Vandijkophrynus rendering Sclerophrys nonmonophyletic, although they did not make the remedial taxonomic change. See detailed account for Egypt by Escoriza and Ben Hassine, 2019, Amph. N. Afr.: 232–236. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 58–59, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map.

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