Sclerophrys gracilipes (Boulenger, 1899)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Sclerophrys > Species: Sclerophrys gracilipes

Bufo gracilipes Boulenger, 1899, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, 3: 276. Holotype: BMNH 1899.4.24.9 (now 1947.2.21.93), according to Grandison, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 46, and museum records. Type locality: "Benito River, French [Congo] [sic]", Equatorial Guinea.

Bufo funereus gracilipesPerret and Mertens, 1957, Rev. Suisse Zool., 64: 73-78.

Bufo petiti Knoepffler, 1967, Biol. Gabonica, 3: 249. Holotype: MBG (Mission Biologique au Gabon—Centre national de la recherche scientifique) 1299, by original designation; current location unknown. Type locality: "Loa-loa (Ogooué-Ivindo), République Gabonaise". Synonymy by Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 158, 163.

Bufo gracilipesInger, 1968, Explor. Parc Natl. Garamba, Miss. H. de Saeger, 52: 25.

Amietophrynus gracilipesFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 363.

Sclerophrys garmani  Ohler and Dubois, 2016, PeerJ, 4(e1553): 9.

English Names

French Congo Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41).


Southeastern Nigeria eastward through southern Cameroon, Gabon, to northern Rep. Congo and northern and northeastern Dem. Rep. Congo; Bioko and mainland Equatorial Guinea; likely to occur in southwestern Central African Republic and the Cabinda enclave of Angola.


Easily confused with Bufo funereus (e.g., Boulenger, 1906 "1905", Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 3, 2: 158) and Bufo latifrons, according to Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 315; and Inger, 1968, Explor. Parc Natl. Garamba, Miss. H. de Saeger, 52: 25. In the Bufo gracilipes group of Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 158. Frétey and Blanc, 2002 "2001", Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 126: 380, reported this species from Gabon. Lasso, Rial, Castroviejo, and De la Riva, 2002, Graellsia, 58: 21-34, provided notes on ecological distribution in Equatorial Guinea. Schiøtz, 1963, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 125: 16, provided records for Nigeria. Jackson and Blackburn, 2007, Salamandra, 43: 149-164, provided a record for Nouabale-Ndoki National Park, Rep. Congo. Jongsma, Tobi, Dixon-MacCallum, Bamba-Kaya, Yoga, Mbega, Mve Beh, Emrich, and Blackburn, 2017, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 11 (1: e144): 8–9, provided records for southeastern Gabon and briefly discussed habitat and range. Dewynter and Frétey, 2019, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 27: 17, summarized the literature for Gabon and provided photographs (p. 52). Mali, Banda, Chifundera, Badjedjea, Sebe, Lokasola, Ewango, Tungaluna, and Akaibe, 2019, Am. J. Zool., 2: 38–43, reported the species from the Okapi Wildlife Reserve, northeastern Dem. Rep. Congo. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 70–71, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. See brief account, range map, and photographs for Equatorial Guinea in Sánchez-Vialas, Calvo-Revuelta, Castroviejo-Fisher, and De la Riva, 2020, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 66: 137–230. A similar but unnamed species from Uigé Province of northwestern Angola, was noted by Ernst, Lautenschläger, Branquima, and Hölting, 2020, Zoosyst. Evol., 96: 253. Kako-Wanzalire, Mongo, Ilonga, Mapoli, Mbumba, Neema, Tungaluna, Itoka, and Bogaert, 2021, Tropicultura, 39 (1: 1709): 1–19, briefly discussed habitat preference in Tshopo, north-central Dem. Rep. Congo. 

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