Sclerophrys kassasii (Baha El Din, 1993)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Sclerophrys > Species: Sclerophrys kassasii

Bufo kassasii Baha El Din, 1993, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 42: 24. Holotype: BMNH 1992.207, by original designation. Type locality: "2 km east of Damietta, 31° 25′ N, 31° 49′ E (3131Db), Nile Delta, Egypt".

Amietophrynus kassasiiFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 363.

Sclerophrys kassasi  Ohler and Dubois, 2016, PeerJ, 4(e1553): 9.

English Names

Damietta Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 42).

Nile Valley Toad (Baha El Din, 2006, Guide Rept. Amph. Egypt: 31).

Kassasi's Toad (Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 68).


Known from the vicinity of Luxor north in the Nile Valley, including the Delta and the Fayum Depression, Egypt.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Egypt

Endemic: Egypt


Formerly confused with Bufo vittatus. Distinguished from sympatric Bufo regularis in the Fayum of Egypt by Tawfik, Akef, Abdel-Mageid, and Eisa, 1996, J. Afr. Zool., 110: 7-13. Baha El Din, 2006, Guide Rept. Amph. Egypt: 31-33, provided an account for Egypt and noted that the relationship with Amietophrynus steindachneri requires elucidation. See detailed account for Egypt by Escoriza and Ben Hassine, 2019, Amph. N. Afr.: 236–238. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 68–69, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 84, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph. See comments on distribution and population status by Ibrahim, 2013, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 27: 108.

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