Sclerophrys kisoloensis (Loveridge, 1932)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Sclerophrys > Species: Sclerophrys kisoloensis

Bufo regularis kisoloensis Loveridge, 1932, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 8: 52. Holotype: FMNH 12005, by original designation. Type locality: "Kisolo, Kigezi district, southwestern Uganda".

Bufo regularis marakwetensis Roux, 1936 "1935", Mem. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, N.S., 4: 180. Syntypes: NHMB 4740–41; NHMB 4741 designated lectotype by Forcart, 1946, Verh. Naturforsch. Ges. Basel, 57: 121. Type locality: "Marakwet, st. 25, 2.500 m.", Kenya. Transferred from the synonymy of Bufo regularis to Bufo kisoloensis by Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 159.

Bufo kisoloensisLaurent, 1952, Herpetologica, 8: 53; Laurent, 1972, Explor. Parc Natl. Virunga, Ser. 2, 22: 4.

Amietophrynus kisoloensisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 363.

Sclerophrys kisoloensis  Ohler and Dubois, 2016, PeerJ, 4(e1553): 9.

English Names

Kisolo Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 42; Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 81; Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 79).

Montane Golden Toad (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 79 [alternative name]).


Forested highland areas of southwestern Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, eastern Dem. Rep. Congo, northeastern Zambia, western Tanzania, and Malawi (see comment); presumed to occur in Burundi but not so far collected there.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia

Likely/Controversially Present: Burundi


In the Bufo regularis group of Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 159. Removed from the synonymy of Bufo regularis by Laurent, 1952, Herpetologica, 8: 53, where it had been placed by Loveridge, 1942, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 91: 379, 385 (and so treated by Loveridge, 1957, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 117: 311). Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 81, Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 79–80, Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 512–513, and Lötters, Wagner, Bwong, Schick, Malonza, Muchai, Wasonga, and Veith, 2007, Fieldguide Amph. Rept. Kakamega Forest: 13–14, provided accounts. Mercurio, 2011, Amph. Malawi: 121–122, provided an account for Malawi, discussed the putative records and suggested that existing records may be based on misidentifications. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 131–132, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. Spawls, Wasonga, and Drewes, 2019, Amph. Kenya: 10, provided a range map for Kenya, photograph, and brief characterization. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 64–65, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map.. Kako-Wanzalire, Mongo, Ilonga, Mapoli, Mbumba, Neema, Tungaluna, Itoka, and Bogaert, 2021, Tropicultura, 39 (1: 1709): 1–19, briefly discussed habitat preference in Tshopo and Nord-Kivu, northern Dem. Rep. Congo. Dehling and Sinsch, 2023, Diversity, 15 (512): 1–81, discussed the range, identification, natural history, advertisement call, and conservation status in Rwanda. Behangana, Byaruhanga, Magala, Katumba, Kagurusi, Dendi, and Luiselli, 2023, Wetlands, 43(88): 1–13, reported on presence in the wetlands of southwestern Uganda.

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