Sclerophrys steindachneri (Pfeffer, 1893)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Sclerophrys > Species: Sclerophrys steindachneri

English Names

Steindachner's Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 43).


Humid grassland, wooded savanna, and cleared forest of northern eastern Nigeria, northern Cameroon, and southern Chad eastward through the Central African Republic, South Sudan (possibly into extreme southern Sudan), and northeastern D. R. Congo to southwestern Ethiopia, isolated record in west-central Kenya, and Uganda; apparently an allopatric population in coastal southern Somalia, Kenya, and northeastern Tanzania (see comment).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda


In the Bufo funereus group of Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 158. Confused in some literature with Bufo latifrons according to Lanza, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 158. See account by Inger, 1968, Explor. Parc Natl. Garamba, Miss. H. de Saeger, 52: 43. See Largen, 2001, Tropical Zool., 14: 324-325, for comments on distribution. Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 92-93, provided an account for East Africa and considered all records west and south of Chad to belong to another species, presumably Amietophrynus latifrons. Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 546-547, provided an account and suggested that the species is absent from Tanzania. See account (as Bufo steindachneri), photograph, and map for Ethiopia and Eritrea by Largen and Spawls, 2010, Amph. Rept. Ethiopia Eritrea: 95. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 68–69, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. 

Spawls, Wasonga, and Drewes, 2019, Amph. Kenya

: 11, provided a range map for Kenya, photograph, and brief characterization.

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