Sclerophrys tuberosa (Günther, 1858)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Sclerophrys > Species: Sclerophrys tuberosa

Bufo tuberosus Günther, 1858, Arch. Naturgesch., 24: 322. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.21.14 (formerly 51.10.25.7), according to Grandison, 1985, In Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 63. Type locality: "Fernando Po" (= Bioko, Equatorial Guinea).

Bufo polycerus Werner, 1897, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. München, 27: 211. Holotype: ZSM 45/0, lost, according to Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 162. Type locality: "Kamerun". Synonymy by Parker, 1936, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1936: 155 (who provided a chronology of the treatment of this name); Loveridge, 1936, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 22: 84.

Bufo polycercusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 178. Incorrect subsequent spelling. Based on specimens of Bufo camerunensis according to De Witte, 1941, Explor. Parc Natl. Albert, Miss. G.F. de Witte (1933–1935), 33: 39, and Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 159.

Amietophrynus tuberosusFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 363.

Sclerophrys tuberosa — Ohler and Dubois, 2016, PeerJ, 4(e1553): 9.

English Names

Warty Toad (Wood, 1863, Illust. Nat. Hist., 3: 168).

Fernando Po Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 43).

Rough Toad (Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 74). 

Distribution

High tropical forest of the southeastern Nigeria west to northeastern Dem. Rep. Congo and south to Gagon, also on Bioko Island and Río Muni, Equatorial Guinea.

Comment

In the Bufo tuberosus group of Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 160. See account in Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 314-315. See Tandy and Perret, 2000, Rev. Suisse Zool., 107: 389-418, for account and map. Frétey and Blanc, 2002 "2001", Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 126: 380, reported this species from Gabon. Lasso, Rial, Castroviejo, and De la Riva, 2002, Graellsia, 58: 21-34, provided notes on ecological distribution in Equatorial Guinea. Dewynter and Frétey, 2019, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 27: 18,  summarized the literature for Gabon and provided photographs (p. 53). Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 74–75, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. See brief account, range map, and photographs for Equatorial Guinea in Sánchez-Vialas, Calvo-Revuelta, Castroviejo-Fisher, and De la Riva, 2020, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 66: 137–230. 

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