Vandijkophrynus robinsoni (Branch and Braack, 1996)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Vandijkophrynus > Species: Vandijkophrynus robinsoni

Bufo robinsoni Branch and Braack, 1996 "1995", Madoqua, Windhoek, 19: 15. Holotype: PEM A2492, by original designation. Type locality: "Paradise Gorge (28° 19′ 45″ S, 17° 00′ 15″ E; 2817 AC, alt. 466 m a.s.l.) in the northern foothills of the Vandersterberg, Richtersveld National Park, [Northern] Cape Province, South Africa. The type locality is a series of about eight small, spring-fed freshwater pools (all less than 15 sq. m. in surface area) in a narrow gorge cutting through quartzite."

Vandijkophrynus robinsoniFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 366.

English Names

Paradise Toad (Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 95; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 182).


Vanderster Mountains in the Richtersveld, Namaqualand, and the lower Gariep River, Rep. South Africa and Namibia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Namibia, South Africa


In the Bufo gariepensis complex according to the original publication. Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 95, Branch and Braack, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 80-82, and Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 182, provided accounts. See also distributional and conservation-related comments by Bauer and Branch, 2001, Herpetol. Nat. Hist., 8: 126. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 160, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 78–79, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map.

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