Werneria preussi (Matschie, 1893)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Werneria > Species: Werneria preussi

Bufo preussi Matschie, 1893, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1893: 175. Syntypes: ZMB (originally 60 specimens), BMNH 1935.2.8.3 (presumably exchanged from ZMB), MCZ 10296 (exchanged from ZMB according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1929, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 69: 232), according to Grandison, 1985, In Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 77. Type locality: "Buea, Kamerun, 950 m".

Atelopus africanus Werner, 1898, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 48: 201. Syntypes: ZMB, and including NHMW 20995, according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 13,  Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 17, and Gemel, Gassner, and Schweiger, 2019, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, Ser. B, 121: 45. Type locality: "Bismarkburg (Adeli, Togo)", in error according to  Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 311. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1899, Zool. Rec., 35: 27; Nieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 105; Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 311.

Stenoglossa fulva Andersson, 1903, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 53: 144. Holotype: NHMG, although not listed in current type list. Type locality: "Buca im Kamerungebirge in einem Regenbach" (= Cameroon range [Buea]). Synonymy by Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 155.

Werneria fulvaPoche, 1903, Zool. Anz., 26: 701.

Bufo (Palaeobufo) reussi — Bolkay, 1919, Glasn. Zemaljskog Muz. Bosni Hercegov., 31: 295. Error for "preussi" according to Dubois, 2019, Alytes, 37: 75. 

Werneria preussiAmiet, 1976, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 90: 43; Grandison, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 187-215.

Werneria preussi preussiAmiet, 1982, Mem. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, A—Zool., 132: 29–42.

Werneria africanusSegniagbeto, Bowessidjaou, Dubois, and Ohler, 2007, Alytes, 24: 83. Conjectural combination. Gender disagreement.

English Names

Buea Smalltongue Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 46).

Preuss' Torrent Toad (Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 98).

Distribution

In creeks of the highlands (700-1200 m elevation) of west-central Togo (although not collected there in over 100 years and likely recorded in error) and western Cameroon on the lower slopes of Mount Cameroon and Mount Kupe, West Africa.

Comment

Grandison, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 187-215, discussed characters and relationships of this species. See also accounts by Mertens, 1938, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 442: 10, and Amiet, 1972, Ann. Fac. Sci. Cameroun, 11: 121-140. Sole member of the Bufo preussi group of Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 155. Record for Equatorial Guinea by De la Riva, 1994, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 8: 123-138. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 162–163, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 98–99, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map.d

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