Lepidobatrachus asper Budgett, 1899

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ceratophryidae > Genus: Lepidobatrachus > Species: Lepidobatrachus asper

Lepidobatrachus asper Budgett, 1899, Q. J. Microsc. Sci., 42: 329. Syntypes: Not stated; BMNH 1919.4.23.1 (renumbered 1947.2.17.34) and 1899.10.28.1 (renumbered 1947.2.17.33), according to museum records. Type locality: "Paraguayan Chaco".

Ceratophrys asperaBoulenger, 1919, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 3: 532.

Lepidobatrachus asperNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 370.

Lepidobatrachus salinicola Reig and Cei, 1963, Physis, Buenos Aires, 24: 198. Holotype: LIHUBA 630/1, by original designation, now in MACN. Type locality: "charcos al borde del camino, a 4 km al S de la localidad de Río Saladillo (Santiago del Estero)", Argentina. Synonymy by Barrio, 1968, Physis, Buenos Aires, 27: 445-454.

English Names

Paraguay Horned Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 81).


Chaco of Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul), Paraguay (Departments Central, Presidente Hayes, and Alto Paraguay), and northern Argentina (provinces of Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Santa Fe, and Santiago del Estero), up to 200 m elevation; expected in southeastern Bolivia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay

Likely/Controversially Present: Bolivia


Last revised by Barrio, 1968, Physis, Buenos Aires, 27: 445-454, and Barrio, 1968, Physis, Buenos Aires, 28: 96-106 (who described the advertisement call). Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 15, briefly discussed the range in Paraguay. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 622. Sugai, Faggioni, Piatti, Lemos, Souza, and Prado, 2013, Check List, 9:133-135, provided the first record for Brazil (Municipality of Porto Murtinho, Mato Gross do Sul), and provided a range map. Weiler, Núñez, Airaldi, Lavilla, Peris, and Baldo, 2013, Anf. Paraguay: 50, provided a brief account, image, and dot map for Paraguay. Faivovich, Nicoli, Blotto, Pereyra, Baldo, Barrionuevo, Fabrezi, Wild, and Haddad, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9: 207–227, suggested that Lepidobatrachus asper is the sister taxon of Lepidobatrachus laevis + Lepidobatrachus llanensis

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