Epipedobates maculatus (Peters, 1873)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Colostethinae > Genus: Epipedobates > Species: Epipedobates maculatus

Dendrobates trivittatus var. maculata Peters, 1873, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1873: 617. Type(s): Not designated. ZMB 7815 is considered holotype by museum records (Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 41). Type locality: "Chiriqui", Panama; at the time of the description "Chiriqui" included both Atlantic and Pacific versants of extreme western Panama, according to Myers, 1982, Am. Mus. Novit., 2721: 5.

Dendrobates maculatusMyers, 1982, Am. Mus. Novit., 2721: 5.

Epipedobates maculatusMyers, 1987, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 36: 303; Grant, Rada, Anganoy-Criollo, Batista, Dias, Jeckel, Machado, and Rueda-Almonacid, 2017, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 12 (Special Issue): 39.

Ameerega maculataGrant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 164. Provisional placement.

English Names

Confusing Poison Frog (Walls, 1994, Jewels of the Rainforest: 25; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 50).


Known only from the type locality ("Chiriqui", Panama). See comment in synonymy. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Panama

Endemic: Panama


See Myers, 1982, Am. Mus. Novit., 2721: 5-9, for discussion, who removed this taxon from the synonymy of Dendrobates auratus, where it had been placed by Dunn, 1931, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 393. Lötters, Jungfer, Henkel, and Schmidt, 2007, Poison Frogs: 392-393, provided an account and discussed the problematic nature of this taxon. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 129, provided a comparison with other dendrobatids in Central America and provided a maps and photographs.

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