Adelphobates quinquevittatus (Steindachner, 1864)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Dendrobatinae > Genus: Adelphobates > Species: Adelphobates quinquevittatus

Dendrobates quinquevittatus Jan, 1857, Cenni Mus. Civ. Milano: 53. Type(s): MSNM. Type locality: Not stated. Nomen nudum attributed to Fitzinger and Tschudi, presumably on the basis of label names.

Dendrobates tinctorius var. quinquevittatus Steindachner, 1864, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 14: 260. Holotype: NHMW 16517, according to Silverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21: 1–55. Type locality: "Salto do Girao" (= Salto do Jirau), Rondônia, Brazil.

Dendrobates quinquevittatusSilverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21: 11.

Ranitomeya quinquevittataAnonymous, 1985, Ripa, Netherlands, April: 2, by implication.

Ranitomeya quinquevittataBauer, 1988, Het Paludarium, Netherlands, November: 6.

Adelphobates quinquevittatusGrant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 172.

English Names

Rio Madeira Poison Frog (Walls, 1994, Jewels of the Rainforest: 24; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 50).

Amazonian Poison-arrow Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 49).

Amazonian Poison Frog (CITES).


Southern Amazonia, in the Rio Madeira drainage of western Brazil (Rondônia and  Amazona) as well as Acre; also found in neighboring Departamento Pando in Bolivia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bolivia, Brazil, Peru


 Duellman, 1978, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 65: 125–126, provided a brief account. Account available in Caldwell and Myers, 1990, Am. Mus. Novit., 2988: 1–21. Most records of this species before 1990 refer to Adelphobates ventrimaculatus; see Caldwell and Myers, 1990, Am. Mus. Novit., 2988: 1–21. See also Martins and Haddad, 1990, Mem. Inst. Butantan, São Paulo, 52: 53–56, for discussion of identity. De la Riva, Köhler, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 14: 57, and Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 69, considered this species possibly to occur in Bolivia. Schulte, 1999, Pfeilgiftfrösche: 76–80, provided an account and a record for Peru, which was doubted by Lötters and Vences, 2001 "2000", Salamandra, 36: 247–260, who discussed the relevant specimen. Lötters, Jungfer, Henkel, and Schmidt, 2007, Poison Frogs: 527–529, provided an account. Bernarde, Machado, and Turci, 2011, Biota Neotrop., 11: 117–144, reported specimens from Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, Acre, Brazil. Ferreira, 2021, Biota Amazônia, 11: 22–28, provided a record (as Adelphobates cf. quinquevittatus) from Maués municipality, Amazonia, Brazil, and briefly discussed the range. Medeiros, Ribas, and Lima, 2021, Evol. Biol., 48: 269–285, discussed phylogeography related to the historical dynamics of the Upper Medeira River, Rondônia, Brazil. 

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