Phyllobates vittatus (Cope, 1893)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Dendrobatinae > Genus: Phyllobates > Species: Phyllobates vittatus

Dendrobates tinctorius vittatus Cope, 1893, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 31: 340. Type(s): Not stated; presumably originally in the ANSP, USNM, or Philadelphia Mus. Type locality: "Buenos Ayres", (= Buenos Aires, Cantón de Buenos Aires, Provincia de Puntarenas), Costa Rica. Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 81, commented on the type locality.

Phyllobates vittatusSilverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21: 6, 11.

English Names

Golfodulcean Poison Frog (Walls, 1994, Jewels of the Rainforest: 28; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 51).

Golfodulcean Poison-arrow Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 50).


Humid forests of the Golfo Dulce region of the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, 20 to 550 m elevation; expected to occur in immediately adjacent southwestern Panama.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Costa Rica

Likely/Controversially Present: Panama

Endemic: Costa Rica


See comment under Phyllobates lugubris. Removed from the synonymy of Phyllobates lugubris by Silverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21: 6, where it had been placed by Savage, 1968, Copeia, 1968: 745-776. Lips and Savage, 1996, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 109: 17–26, included this species in a key to the tadpoles found in Costa Rica. See Ryan, 2002, Herpetol. Rev., 33: 318, for a range extension in Costa Rica and a comment on what this locality implies about the more general distribution. Lötters, Jungfer, Henkel, and Schmidt, 2007, Poison Frogs: 434-437, provided an account. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Nephelobates haydeeae) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 236. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 137–138, provided compared the species of Phyllobates in Central America and provided a map and photograph of this species.

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