Dendropsophus ebraccatus (Cope, 1874)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Dendropsophus > Species: Dendropsophus ebraccatus

Hyla ebraccata Cope, 1874, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 26: 69. Holotype: ANSP 2079, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 350. Type locality: "region of Nicaragua". Dunn and Stuart, 1951, Copeia, 1951: 58, noted that the data associated with the type is "Machuca", Zelaya Province, Nicaragua, and that the collection surely came from Nicaragua along the San Juan River.

Hyla weyerae Taylor, 1954, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 36: 633. Holotype: KU 34850, by original designation. Type locality: "Esquinas Forest Preserve at Las Esquinas, between Palmar and Golfito, [Cantón de Osa,] Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 91, commented on the type locality. Synonymy by Duellman, 1966, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 17: 267.

Dendropsophus ebraccatusFaivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 91.

English Names

Hourglass Treefrog (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 23; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 55; Lee, 1996, Amph. Rept. Yucatan Peninsula: 91; Campbell, 1998, Amph. Rept. N. Guatemala Yucatan Belize: 77; Lee, 2000, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Maya World: 96; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 11).


Low elevations on the Atlantic slope from southern Veracruz and northern Oaxaca eastward to Belize, and from Nicaragua to Costa Rica and Colombia on both Atlantic and Pacific slopes, south along the Pacific slopes to northwestern Ecuador, sea level to 1600 m elevation; apparently isolated populations in central Quintana Roo and southeastern Yucatán, Mexico.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama


For accounts see Duellman, 1970, Monogr. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas: 227–234; Savage and Heyer, 1969, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 16: 14–16; Lee, 1996, Amph. Rept. Yucatan Peninsula: 91-92; Campbell, 1998, Amph. Rept. N. Guatemala Yucatan Belize: 77–78, and Lee, 2000, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Maya World: 96–97. Considered a synonym of Hyla leucophyllata by Dunn, 1931, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 406. Lips and Savage, 1996, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 109: 17–26, included this species (as Hyla ebraccata) in a key to the tadpoles found in Costa Rica. See accounts by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 313–314 (who placed this species in his Hyla leucophyllata group, Hyla leucophyllata subgroup) and McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 262–264. In the Dendropsophus leucophyllatus group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 91. McCranie, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 37, summarized the departmental distribution in Honduras. Robertson, Duryea, and Zamudio, 2009, Mol. Ecol., 18: 1375–1395, discussed phylogeographic patterns in Costa Rica. Ohmer, Robertson, and Zamudio, 2009, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 97: 298–313, reported on geographic variation in body size, color pattern, and advertisement call that were discordant with phylogenetic pattern. See comments by Sunyer, Páiz, Dehling, and Köhler, 2009, Herpetol. Notes, 2: 189–202, regarding Nicaraguan populations. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 216–218, provided a brief summary of natural history of the Central American species, including this one, and provided a range map and photograph. Sunyer, Martínez-Fonseca, Salazar-Saavedra, Galindo-Uribe, and Obando, 2014, Mesoam. Herpetol., 1: 168, provided records for the departments of Atlántico Sur and Atlántico Norte, Nicaragua. Ospina-L. and Touchon, 2018, Catal. Anf. Rept. Colombia, Medellín, 4: 37–47, provided a detailed literature review, photograph, and map for Colombian populations. Treinen-Crespo, Trinchan-Guerra, López-Reyes, and Carbajal-Márquez, 2019, Herpetol. Notes, 12: 31–33, provided a record for southeastern state of Yucatán, Mexico, and discussed the range in the Yucatan Peninsula. Pinto-Erazo, Calderón-Espinosa, Medina-Rangel, and Méndez-Galeano, 2020, Biota Colomb., 21: 44–57, provided records from Tumaco and Francisco Pizarro municipalities, Nariño, Colombia. Pirani, Peloso, Carvalho, Polo, Knowles, Ron, Rodrigues, Sturaro, and Werneck, 2020, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 15 (106877): 1–19, documented that this nominal taxon is composed of at least two species. In the Dendropsophus leucophyllatus group of Orrico, Grant, Faivovich, Rivera-Correa, Rada, Lyra, Cassini, Valdujo, Schargel, Machado, Wheeler, Barrio-Amorós, Loebmann, Moravec, Zina, Solé, Sturaro, Peloso, Suárez, and Haddad, 2021, Cladistics, 37: 73–105. Martínez-Fonseca, Holmes, Sunyer, Westeen, Grundler, Cerda, Fernández-Mena, Loza-Molina, Monagan, Nondorf, Pandelis, and Rabosky, 2024, Check List, 20: 70–71, provided and discussed a record from Refugio Bartola, Departamento Río San Juan, Nicaragua, 60 m elevation.   


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