Dendropsophus elegans (Wied-Neuwied, 1824)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Dendropsophus > Species: Dendropsophus elegans

Hyla elegans Wied-Neuwied, 1824, Isis von Oken, 14: 671. Holotype: Not designated although likely the animal figured in Wied-Neuwied, 1824, Abbild. Naturgesch. Brasil., Heft 7: pl. 43, fig. 1; AMNH 784 according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 69. See comments by  Vanzolini and Myers, 2015, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 395: 72–73. Type locality: "Brasiliens"; restricted to "ostlichen Brasilien" by Wied-Neuwied, 1824, Abbild. Naturgesch. Brasil., Heft 7; given as "Ponte do Gentio, rio Alcobaça, Caravelas, Bahia", Brazil, by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 49.

Dendropsophus elegansFaivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 91.

English Names

Elegant Forest Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 55).


Brazil, in Atlantic forest from sea level to 800 from Alagoas to São Paulo; from Minas Gerais in transitional Atlantic forest-cerrado and caatinga formations, as well as in the municipality of Morretes in Paraná and the municipality of Timbó in northeastern Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil

Endemic: Brazil


Removed from the synonymy of Hyla leucophyllata by Caramaschi and Jim, 1982, Cienc. Cult., São Paulo, Supl., 7: 848, where it had been placed by Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 72; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 6: 607; and Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 387. Izecksohn and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2001, Anf. Municipio Rio de Janeiro: 48, provided a brief account and photo. Lingnau and Bastos, 2002, Herpetol. Rev., 33: 316-317, provided the record for Paraná, Brazil. In the Dendropsophus leucophyllatus group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 91. Canelas and Bertoluci, 2007, Iheringia, Zool., 97: 21-26, provided a record for the Serra do Caraça, southern end of the Serra do Espinhaço, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Lucas and Garcia, 2011, Check List, 7: 13-16, provided a record for the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, and discussed the range. Cruz, Feio, and Caramaschi, 2009, Anf. Ibitipoca: 88-89, provided photographs and a brief account for Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mageski, Ferreira, Zocca, Teixeira, and Rödder, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 363–365, reported the species from an inselberg in Espiritu Santo, Brazil. Muniz, Moura, Moraes, Galindo, Chaves, Kokubum, and Moura, 2016, Herpetol. Notes, 9: 99–102, reported on the advertisement call. Freitas, Abegg, Dias, and Moraes, 2018, Herpetol. Notes, 11: 59–72, provided a record from the Serra da Jibóia, Bahia, Brazil. Dubeux, Silva, Nascimento, Gonçalves, and Mott, 2019, Rev. Nordestina Zool., 12: 18–52, summarized the literature on larval morphology. Pirani, Peloso, Carvalho, Polo, Knowles, Ron, Rodrigues, Sturaro, and Werneck, 2020, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 15 (106877): 1–19, documented that this nominal taxon is composed of three species. See Dubeux, Nascimento, Lima, Magalhães, Silva, Gonçalves, Almeida, Correia, Garda, Mesquita, Rossa-Feres, and Mott, 2020, Biota Neotrop., 20 (2: e20180718): 1–24, for characterization and identification of larvae north of the Rio São Francisco in the Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil. Eterovick, Souza, and Sazima, 2020, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 1–292, provided an account, life history information, and an identification scheme for the Serra de Cipó, Minas Gerais, Brazil. In the Dendropsophus leucophyllatus group of Orrico, Grant, Faivovich, Rivera-Correa, Rada, Lyra, Cassini, Valdujo, Schargel, Machado, Wheeler, Barrio-Amorós, Loebmann, Moravec, Zina, Solé, Sturaro, Peloso, Suárez, and Haddad, 2021, Cladistics, 37: 73–105. Reported from the Environmental Protection Area of Catolé and Fernão Velho, Alagoas, Brazil, by Dubeux, Nascimento, Gonçalves, and Mott, 2021, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 61 (e20216176): 1–10, who provided a key to the frogs of that region. Pezzuti, Leite, Rossa-Feres, and Garcia, 2021, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 22 (Special Issue): 1–109, described and discussed larval morphology and natural history. Pirani, Tonini, Thomaz, Napoli, Encarnação, Knowles, and Werneck, 2022, Frontiers Ecol. Evol., 10(765977): 1–15, reported on geographic variation in molecular markers and the influence of rivers as barriers to gene flow. Manzano, Takeno, and Sawaya, 2022, Zootaxa, 5178: 453–472, reported on the advertisement call. 

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