Dendropsophus elegans (Wied-Neuwied, 1824)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Dendropsophus > Species: Dendropsophus elegans

Hyla elegans Wied-Neuwied, 1824, Isis von Oken, 14: 671. Holotype: Not designated although likely the animal figured in Wied-Neuwied, 1824, Abbild. Naturgesch. Brasil., Heft 7: pl. 43, fig. 1; AMNH 784 according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 69. See comments by  Vanzolini and Myers, 2015, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 395: 72–73. Type locality: "Brasiliens"; restricted to "ostlichen Brasilien" by Wied-Neuwied, 1824, Abbild. Naturgesch. Brasil., Heft 7; given as "Ponte do Gentio, rio Alcobaça, Caravelas, Bahia", Brazil, by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 49.

Dendropsophus elegansFaivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 91.

English Names

Elegant Forest Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 55).


Brazil, in Atlantic forest from sea level to 800 from Alagoas to São Paulo; from Minas Gerais in transitional Atlantic forest-cerrado and caatinga formations, as well as in the municipality of Morretes in Paraná and the municipality of Timbó in northeastern Santa Catarina, Brazil.


Removed from the synonymy of Hyla leucophyllata by Caramaschi and Jim, 1982, Cienc. Cult., São Paulo, Supl., 7: 848, where it had been placed by Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 72; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 607; and Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 387. Izecksohn and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2001, Anf. Municipio Rio de Janeiro: 48, provided a brief account and photo. Lingnau and Bastos, 2002, Herpetol. Rev., 33: 316-317, provided the record for Paraná, Brazil. In the Dendropsophus leucophyllatus group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 91. Canelas and Bertoluci, 2007, Iheringia, Zool., 97: 21-26, provided a record for the Serra do Caraça, southern end of the Serra do Espinhaço, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Lucas and Garcia, 2011, Check List, 7: 13-16, provided a record for the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, and discussed the range. Cruz, Feio, and Caramaschi, 2009, Anf. Ibitipoca: 88-89, provided photographs and a brief account for Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mageski, Ferreira, Zocca, Teixeira, and Rödder, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 363–365, reported the species from an inselberg in Espiritu Santo, Brazil. Muniz, Moura, Moraes, Galindo, Chaves, Kokubum, and Moura, 2016, Herpetol. Notes, 9: 99–102, reported on the advertisement call. Freitas, Abegg, Dias, and Moraes, 2018, Herpetol. Notes, 11: 59–72, provided a record from the Serra da Jibóia, Bahia, Brazil. Dubeux, Silva, Nascimento, Gonçalves, and Mott, 2019, Rev. Nordestina Zool., 12: 18–52, summarized the literature on larval morphology. Pirani, Peloso, Carvalho, Polo, Knowles, Ron, Rodrigues, Sturaro, and Werneck, 2020, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 15 (106877): 1–19, documented that this nominal taxon is composed of three species. See Dubeux, Nascimento, Lima, Magalhães, Silva, Gonçalves, Almeida, Correia, Garda, Mesquita, Rossa-Feres, and Mott, 2020, Biota Neotrop., 20 (2: e20180718): 1–24, for characterization and identification of larvae north of the Rio São Francisco in the Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil. Eterovick, Souza, and Sazima, 2020, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 1–292, provided an account, life history information, and an identification scheme for the Serra de Cipó, Minas Gerais, Brazil. In the Dendropsophus leucophyllatus group of Orrico, Grant, Faivovich, Rivera-Correa, Rada, Lyra, Cassini, Valdujo, Schargel, Machado, Wheeler, Barrio-Amorós, Loebmann, Moravec, Zina, Solé, Sturaro, Peloso, Suárez, and Haddad, 2021, Cladistics, 37: 73–105. Reported from the Environmental Protection Area of Catolé and Fernão Velho, Alagoas, Brazil, by Dubeux, Nascimento, Gonçalves, and Mott, 2021, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 61 (e20216176): 1–10, who provided a key to the frogs of that region. Pezzuti, Leite, Rossa-Feres, and Garcia, 2021, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 22 (Special Issue): 1–109, described and discussed larval morphology and natural history. Pirani, Tonini, Thomaz, Napoli, Encarnação, Knowles, and Werneck, 2022, Frontiers Ecol. Evol., 10(765977): 1–15, reported on geographic variation in molecular markers and the influence of rivers as barriers to gene flow. Manzano, Takeno, and Sawaya, 2022, Zootaxa, 5178: 453–472, reported on the advertisement call. 

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