Dendropsophus phlebodes (Stejneger, 1906)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Dendropsophus > Species: Dendropsophus phlebodes

Hyla phlebodes Stejneger, 1906, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 30: 817. Holotype: USNM 29970, by original designation. Type locality: "San Carlos, [Boca de Arenal, Cantón de San Carlos, Provincia Alajuela,] Costa Rica". Type locality discussed by Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 77, who corrected it to "Boca de Arenal, Cantón de San Carlos, Provincia de Alajuela; 55 m", Costa Rica.

Dendropsophus phlebodesFaivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 92.

English Names

San Carlos Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 57).

San Carlos Dwarf Treefrog (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 13). 


Caribbean lowlands from southern Nicaragua to Panama and Pacific lowlands of eastern Panama and northwestern Colombia, 20 to 700 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama


See Duellman, 1970, Monogr. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas: 220–223, and Savage and Heyer, 1969, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 16: 1–127. Lips and Savage, 1996, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 109: 17–26, included this species (as Hyla phlobodes) in a key to the tadpoles found in Costa Rica. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 318–320, who placed this species in his Hyla leucophyllata group, Hyla microcephala subgroup. In the Dendropsophus microcephalus group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 91–92. See comments by Sunyer, Páiz, Dehling, and Köhler, 2009, Herpetol. Notes, 2: 189–202, regarding Nicaraguan populations. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 216–218, provided a brief summary of natural history of the Central American species, including this one, and provided a range map and photograph. In the Dendropsophus microcephalus group of Orrico, Grant, Faivovich, Rivera-Correa, Rada, Lyra, Cassini, Valdujo, Schargel, Machado, Wheeler, Barrio-Amorós, Loebmann, Moravec, Zina, Solé, Sturaro, Peloso, Suárez, and Haddad, 2021, Cladistics, 37: 73–105.

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