Dendropsophus rubicundulus (Reinhardt and Lütken, 1862)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Dendropsophus > Species: Dendropsophus rubicundulus

Hyla rubicundula Reinhardt and Lütken, 1862 "1861", Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., Ser. 2, 3: 197. Syntypes: ZMUC (2 specimens) by original designation; NHMW 16511 (according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 19, and Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 24), ZMUC 1440-41. ZMUC 1441 is considered by museum records to be holotype (personal commun., H. Kristensen, 24 Nov. 2010), but likely this is one of the two syntypes, the other having been exchanged to NHMW (DRF). Type locality: "Lagoa Santa", Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Hyla rubicundulaBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 395.

Hyla elongata Lutz, 1925, C. R. Mém. Hebd. Séances Soc. Biol. Filial., Paris, 93 (1925, vol. 2): 139. Syntypes: Not stated; according to museum records AL-MNRJ 335, and according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 53, USNM 96861, and 96863 (Campo de Avaiçao); USNM 96957-62 (Belo Horizonte). USNM 96962 designated lectotype by Napoli and Caramaschi, 1999, J. Herpetol., 33: 485, who noted that the Campo de Avaiçao likely represented specimens of Hyla sanborni. Type locality: not stated; Campo de Avaiçao and Belo Horizonte, Brazil, by museum records. Restricted to "Belo Horizonte (approximately 19° 55′ S, 43° 56′ W), State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, 858 m" by lectotype designation. Synonymy by Bokermann, 1968, Rev. Brasil. Biol., 28: 328, and with considerable discussion by Napoli and Caramaschi, 1999, J. Herpetol., 33: 484-486; and Napoli and Caramaschi, 1999, Alytes, 17: 165-189.

Dendropsophus rubicundulusFaivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 92.

English Names

Lagoa Santa Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 57).


Northeastern Brazil from Piauí and Ceará south through southern Pará, Tocantins, Bahia, Goiás, Mato Grosso, and Mato Grosso do Sul to central Minas Gerais and São Paulo, Brazil; Departamento de Santa Cruz, Bolivia; east-central Paraguay.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay


Removed from the synonymy of Hyla polytaenia by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 96, where it had been placed by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 394. See discussion of geographic variation and advertisement call by Napoli and Caramaschi, 1999, Alytes, 17: 165-189. See De la Riva, Köhler, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 14: 34, for Bolivian record. In the Dendropsophus microcephalus group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 91-92. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 24, briefly discussed that records from Paraguay are based on misidentified Dendropsophus jimi and Dendropsophus elianeae. Silva, Vieira, and Alves, 2011, Check List, 7: 843-844, provided a range extension into Ceará and noted the distributional literature. Teixeira and Giaretta, 2015, Salamandra, 51: 137–146, described the advertisement call. Vaz-Silva, Maciel, Nomura, Morais, Guerra Batista, Santos, Andrade, Oliveira, Brandão, and Bastos, 2020, Guia Ident. Anf. Goiás e Dist. Fed. Brasil Central: 76–77, provided an account. Eterovick, Souza, and Sazima, 2020, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 1–292, provided an account, life history information, and an identification scheme for the Serra de Cipó, Minas Gerais, Brazil. In the Dendropsophus microcephalus group of Orrico, Grant, Faivovich, Rivera-Correa, Rada, Lyra, Cassini, Valdujo, Schargel, Machado, Wheeler, Barrio-Amorós, Loebmann, Moravec, Zina, Solé, Sturaro, Peloso, Suárez, and Haddad, 2021, Cladistics, 37: 73–105. Pezzuti, Leite, Rossa-Feres, and Garcia, 2021, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 22 (Special Issue): 1–109, described and discussed larval morphology and natural history. 

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