Hyla savignyi Audouin, 1827

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Hyla > Species: Hyla savignyi

Hyla savignyi Audouin, 1827, Descript. Egypte, 1(4): 183, pl. 2, fig. 13. Type(s): Not stated, although including animal figured on pl. 2, figs. 13.1-2 in the Supplement to the original publication. Type locality: Not stated explicitly though from context clearly "Égypte" in some very general regional sense including Syria; stated by Mertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 19, as "unbestimmt, wahrescheinlich aber Syrien" (= undetermined, probably Syria); stated to be Syria by Flower, 1933, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1933: 844; given as "Western Syria" by Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 33.

Hyla arborea var. savignyiBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 380; Boettger, 1885, Ber. Offenbach. Ver. Naturkd., 24–25: 164.

Hyla arborea savignyiNikolskii, 1913, Herpetol. Caucasica: 219; Nieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 199.

Hyla savignyiSchneider and Nevo, 1972, Zool. Jahrb., Allg. Zool. Physiol. Tiere, 76: 497-506; Schneider, 1974, Oecologia, Berlin, 14: 109.

Hyla (Hyla) savignyi — Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 331, by implication. 

English Names

Savigny's Treefrog (Flower, 1933, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1933: 842; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 58; Arekelyan, Danielyan, Corti, Sindaco, and Leviton, 2012, Herpetofauna of Armenia: 43).

Lemon-yellow Tree Frog (Schneider and Nevo, 1972, Zool. Jahrb., Allg. Zool. Physiol. Tiere, 76: 497; Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 288).

Middle East Tree Frog (Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 67).  

Distribution

Extreme northwestern Sinai (Egypt), Israel, Syria and southern and eastern Turkey to western Iran (Fars, Khuzestan, Lorestan, Ilam, Kermanshah, Kordestan, Hamedan, Markazi, Zanjan, Qom, Esfahan, Chahar Mahal Va Bakhtiari, Kohgiluyeh Va Boyer Ahmad, Ardabil, East Azarbaijan and West Azarbaijan provinces), Iraq, and Armenia, southern Georgia and Azerbaijan.

Comment

This species was regarded as distinct from Hyla arborea by Schneider, 1974, Oecologia, Berlin, 14: 99-110, and Schneider, Nevo, Heth, Simson, and Brzoska, 1984, Zool. Anz., 213: 306-312. See account by Balletto, Cherchi, and Gasperetti, 1985, Fauna Saudi Arabia, 7: 363-367. See accounts by Baloutch and Kami, 1995, Amph. Iran: 149;  Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 288-291, and Kuzmin, 2013, Amph. Former Soviet Union, Ed. 2: 178–179. Maxson, 1978, J. Herpetol., 12: 98-100, reported on molecular distance of Hyla savignyi from Hyla arborea. Kaya, 2001, Israel J. Zool., 47: 123-134, discussed distribution in Turkey. Tuniyev, 1999, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 3: 56-57, noted that records of this species from the western Caucasus and western Transcaucasia are attributable to Hyla arborea. Schneider, 2001, Zool. Middle East, 23: 61-69, documented the contact zone of Hyla arborea and Hyla savignyi in southern Turkey. Hraoui-Bloquet, Sadek, Sindaco, and Venchi, 2002, Zool. Middle East, 27: 36, provided definitive records for Lebanon. Kami, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 75, provided a new record for Iran. In the Hyla arborea group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 102. Baha El Din, 2006, Guide Rept. Amph. Egypt: 46-47, provided an account for Egypt. Amr, Shehab, and Abu Baker, 2007, Herpetozoa, Wien, 20: 21-26, briefly discsussed the range in Syria and provided a new locality on the Euphrates River. Stöck, Dubey, Klütsch, Litvinchuk, Scheidt, and Perrin, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 49: 1019-1024, suggested that at least two species were uncluded under this name, neither of which currently can unambiguously have the name Hyla savignyi applied to it: one from Yemen to Syria (now Hyla felixarabica), and another from Cyprus and Turkey to Syria and Iran (now Hyla savignyi). Leviton, Anderson, Adler, and Minton, 1992, Handb. Middle East Amph. Rept.: 146, provided a brief account. Gvoždík, Moravec, Klütsch, and Kotlík, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 55: 1146-58, discussed molecular phylogenetics and redelimited the species. Werner, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 57: 955-956, disuputed the application of this name to this lineage; this argument was rejected by Stöck, Dubey, Klütsch, Litvinchuk, Scheidt, and Perrin, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 57: 957-958. Grosse, 2011, Laubfrösche: 1-286, reviewed the biology of the species. Arekelyan, Danielyan, Corti, Sindaco, and Leviton, 2012, Herpetofauna of Armenia: 43-44, provided a brief account for Armenia. Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Fahimi, Broomand, Yazdanian, Najafi-Majd, Hosseinian Yousefkani, Rezazadeh, Hosseinzadeh, Nasrabadi, Rajabizadeh, Mashayekhi, Motesharei, Naderi, and Kazemi, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 257–290, reported on distribution and conservation status in Iran. Mulder, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13: 162–172, reported the species from the Mount Ararat region of extreme eastern Turkey. See detailed account for Egypt by Escoriza and Ben Hassine, 2019, Amph. N. Afr.: 249–253. Dufresnes, Mazepa, Jablonski, Sadek, and Litvinchuk, 2019, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 128: 130–137, discussed the Dead Sea Rift as a biogeographic barrier involved in the separation of Hyla savignyi and Hyla felixarabica. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 67, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph. Al-Jabry and Karamiani, 2018, Univ. Thi-Qar J., 13: 18–27, provided a record for Maysan Province, eastern Iraq. Dufresnes, Berroneau, Dubey, Litvinchuk, and Perrin, 2020, Sci. Rep. (Nature, London), 10 (5502): 1–10, discussed the genetics of the contact zone with Hyla felixarabica and Hyla orientalisYildiz, 2020, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 14 (2: e242): 147, reported the species from Kilis Province, southern Turkey. Key to the species, synonymy, distribution (including map), and access to literature provided by Safaei-Mahroo and Ghaffari, 2020, Compl. Guide Amph. Iran: 1–331.    

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