Osteocephalus leprieurii (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Osteocephalus > Species: Osteocephalus leprieurii

Hyla Leprieurii Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 6: 553. Holotype: MNHNP 4629, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 21. Type locality: "Cayenne", French Guiana.

Hypsiboas leprieuriiCope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 200.

Hyla leprieuriiBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 361.

Hyla leprieurii leprieuriMelin, 1941, Göteborgs K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., Ser. B, 1: 42, by implication.

Hyla leprieurii britti Melin, 1941, Göteborgs K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., Ser. B, 1: 42. Holotype: NHMG 489, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 149. Type locality: "Rio Uaupés (north of the Rio Japú), [Amazonas,] Brazil". Synonymy by Trueb and Duellman, 1971, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 1: 25.

Osteocephalus brittiGoin, 1961, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 36: 13.

Osteocephalus leprieuriiGoin, 1961, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 36: 13.

Osteocephalus ayarzaguenai Gorzula and Señaris, 1997 "1996", Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 16: 19–22. Holotype: MHNLS 10360, by original designation. Type locality: "Campamento Airo, Valle del Río Karuay, Estado Bolivar, Venezuela (5° 20′ N—61° 54′ W). 860 msnm.". Synonymy by Jungfer and Hödl, 2002, Amphibia-Reptilia, 23: 22–23.

English Names

Cayenne Slender-legged Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 61).


The Guiana Shield in French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela (states of Amazonas, and Bolívar), to eastern Colombia, eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, and Brazil in Amazonas, Acre, and Amapá and presumably in intervening areas.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela


Lescure and Marty, 2000, Collect. Patrimoines Nat., Paris, 45: 184–185, provided a photo and brief account for French Guiana. De la Riva, Márquez, and Bosch, 1995, J. Herpetol., 29: 113–118, reported on the advertisement call. Jungfer and Hödl, 2002, Amphibia-Reptilia, 23: 21–46, redescribed the species, discussed misidentifications, and suggested that records from Colombia to Bolivia are based on other species, such as Osteocephalus mutabor, Osteocephalus planiceps, and undescribed species. Fouquet, Gilles, Vences, Marty, Blanc, and Gemmell, 2007, PLoS One, 10 (e1109): 1–10, provided molecular evidence that this is a species complex. Santana, São Pedro, Costa, and Feio, 2008, Check List, 4: 453–454, provided a record from Mato Grosso, Brazil. Kok and Kalamandeen, 2008, Intr. Taxon. Amph. Kaieteur Natl. Park: 184–185, provided an account. Jungfer, 2010, Zootaxa, 2407: 28–50, discussed species previous confused with this taxon. Bernarde, Machado, and Turci, 2011, Biota Neotrop., 11: 117–144, reported specimens from Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, Acre, Brazil. See account for Surinam population by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 164–165.See Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 411, for brief account and records for Guyana. Señaris, Lampo, Rojas-Runjaic, and Barrio-Amorós, 2014, Guía Ilust. Anf. Parque Nac. Canaima: 170–171, provided a photograph and a brief account for the Parque Nacional de Canaima, Venezuela. In the Osteocephalus leprieurii species group of Jungfer, Faivovich, Padial, Castroviejo-Fisher, Lyra, Berneck, Iglesias, Kok, MacCulloch, Rodrigues, Verdade, Torres-Gastello, Chaparro, Valdujo, Reichle, Moravec, Gvoždík, Gagliardi-Urrutia, Ernst, De la Riva, Means, Lima, Señaris, Wheeler, and Haddad, 2013, Zool. Scripta, 42: 351–380, who also noted unnamed species masquerading under this name. Forti, Foratto, Márquez, Pereira, and Toledo, 2018, PeerJ, 6(e4813): 1–19, characterized the advertisement call. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 78, for comments on range, systematics, and literature. Señaris and Rojas-Runjaic, 2020, in Rull and Carnaval (eds.), Neotrop. Divers. Patterns Process.: 571–632, commented on range and conservation status in the Venezuelan Guayana. See brief account of an unnamed but similar species (as Osteocephalus cf. leprieurii) for the Manu region, Peru, by Villacampa-Ortega, Serrano-Rojas, and Whitworth, 2017, Amph. Manu Learning Cent.: 176–177. Metcalf, Marsh, Torres Pacaya, Graham, and Gunnels, 2020, Herpetol. Notes, 13: 753–767, reported the species from the Santa Cruz Forest Reserve, Loreto, northeastern Peru. Figueiredo, Tavares-Pinheiro, Pinheiro-Freitas, and Costa-Campos, 2021, Herpetol. Notes, 14: 827–831, provided a dot range map that apparently includes a number of unnamed cryptic species within the range. Taucce, Costa-Campos, Carvalho, and Michalski, 2022, Eur. J. Taxon., 836: 96–130, reported on distribution, literature, and conservation status for Amapá, Brazil. 

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